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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Intelligent Deep Data Analytics Based Remote Sensing Scene Classification Model

    Ahmed Althobaiti1, Abdullah Alhumaidi Alotaibi2, Sayed Abdel-Khalek3, Suliman A. Alsuhibany4, Romany F. Mansour5,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.72, No.1, pp. 1921-1938, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.025550

    Abstract Latest advancements in the integration of camera sensors paves a way for new Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) applications such as analyzing geographical (spatial) variations of earth science in mitigating harmful environmental impacts and climate change. UAVs have achieved significant attention as a remote sensing environment, which captures high-resolution images from different scenes such as land, forest fire, flooding threats, road collision, landslides, and so on to enhance data analysis and decision making. Dynamic scene classification has attracted much attention in the examination of earth data captured by UAVs. This paper proposes a new multi-modal fusion based earth data classification (MMF-EDC)… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Object Tracking-Based “Follow-Me” Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) System

    Olubukola D. Adekola1,*, Onyedikachi Kenny Udekwu2, Oluwatobi Tolulope Saliu2, Damilola Williams Dada2, Stephen O. Maitanmi1, Victor Odumuyiwa3, Olujimi Alao2, Monday Eze2, Funmilayo Abibat Kasali4, Ayokunle Omotunde2

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.41, No.3, pp. 875-890, 2022, DOI:10.32604/csse.2022.021029

    Abstract The applications of information technology (IT) tools and techniques have, over the years, simplified complex problem solving procedures. But the power of automation is inhibited by the technicality in manning advanced equipment. To this end, tools deliberately combating this inhibition and advancing technological growth are the Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs). UAVs are rapidly taking over major industries such as logistics, security, and cinematography. Among others, this is a very efficient way of carrying out missions unconventional to humans. An application area of this technology is the local film industry which is not producing quality movies primarily due to the lack… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Energy Aware Data Collection with Route Planning for 6G Enabled UAV Communication

    Mesfer Al Duhayyim1, Marwa Obayya2, Fahd N. Al-Wesabi3,4, Anwer Mustafa Hilal5,*, Mohammed Rizwanullah5, Majdy M. Eltahir6

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.71, No.1, pp. 825-842, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.021490

    Abstract With technological advancements in 6G and Internet of Things (IoT), the incorporation of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) and cellular networks has become a hot research topic. At present, the proficient evolution of 6G networks allows the UAVs to offer cost-effective and timely solutions for real-time applications such as medicine, tracking, surveillance, etc. Energy efficiency, data collection, and route planning are crucial processes to improve the network communication. These processes are highly difficult owing to high mobility, presence of non-stationary links, dynamic topology, and energy-restricted UAVs. With this motivation, the current research paper presents a novel Energy Aware Data Collection with… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    IoT-Cloud Empowered Aerial Scene Classification for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

    K. R. Uthayan1,*, G. Lakshmi Vara Prasad2, V. Mohan3, C. Bharatiraja4, Irina V. Pustokhina5, Denis A. Pustokhin6, Vicente García Díaz7

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.70, No.3, pp. 5161-5177, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.021300

    Abstract Recent trends in communication technologies and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) find its application in several areas such as healthcare, surveillance, transportation, etc. Besides, the integration of Internet of things (IoT) with cloud computing environment offers several benefits for the UAV communication. At the same time, aerial scene classification is one of the major research areas in UAV-enabled MEC systems. In UAV aerial imagery, efficient image representation is crucial for the purpose of scene classification. The existing scene classification techniques generate mid-level image features with limited representation capabilities that often end up in producing average results. Therefore, the current research work… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Secure Key Agreement Scheme for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles-Based Crowd Monitoring System

    Bander Alzahrani1, Ahmed Barnawi1, Azeem Irshad2, Areej Alhothali1, Reem Alotaibi1, Muhammad Shafiq3,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.70, No.3, pp. 6141-6158, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.020774

    Abstract Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have recently attracted widespread attention in civil and commercial applications. For example, UAVs (or drone) technology is increasingly used in crowd monitoring solutions due to its wider air footprint and the ability to capture data in real time. However, due to the open atmosphere, drones can easily be lost or captured by attackers when reporting information to the crowd management center. In addition, the attackers may initiate malicious detection to disrupt the crowd-sensing communication network. Therefore, security and privacy are one of the most significant challenges faced by drones or the Internet of Drones (IoD) that… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Optimal Path Planning for Intelligent UAVs Using Graph Convolution Networks

    Akshya Jothi, P. L. K. Priyadarsini*

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.31, No.3, pp. 1577-1591, 2022, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2022.020974

    Abstract Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) are in use for surveillance services in the geographic areas, that are very hard and sometimes not reachable by humans. Nowadays, UAVs are being used as substitutions to manned operations in various applications. The intensive utilization of autonomous UAVs has given rise to many new challenges. One of the vital problems that arise while deploying UAVs in surveillance applications is the Coverage Path Planning(CPP) problem. Given a geographic area, the problem is to find an optimal path/tour for the UAV such that it covers the entire area of interest with minimal tour length. A graph can… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Real-Time and Intelligent Flood Forecasting Using UAV-Assisted Wireless Sensor Network

    Shidrokh Goudarzi1,2,*, Seyed Ahmad Soleymani2,3, Mohammad Hossein Anisi4, Domenico Ciuonzo5, Nazri Kama6, Salwani Abdullah1, Mohammad Abdollahi Azgomi2, Zenon Chaczko7, Azri Azmi6

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.70, No.1, pp. 715-738, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.019550

    Abstract The Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is a promising technology that could be used to monitor rivers’ water levels for early warning flood detection in the 5G context. However, during a flood, sensor nodes may be washed up or become faulty, which seriously affects network connectivity. To address this issue, Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) could be integrated with WSN as routers or data mules to provide reliable data collection and flood prediction. In light of this, we propose a fault-tolerant multi-level framework comprised of a WSN and a UAV to monitor river levels. The framework is capable to provide seamless data… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Secure Communication Protocol for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

    Navid Ali Khan1, N. Z. Jhanjhi1,*, Sarfraz Nawaz Brohi2, Abdulwahab Ali Almazroi3, Abdulaleem Ali Almazroi4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.70, No.1, pp. 601-618, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.019419

    Abstract Mavlink is a lightweight and most widely used open-source communication protocol used for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Multiple UAVs and autopilot systems support it, and it provides bi-directional communication between the UAV and Ground Control Station. The communications contain critical information about the UAV status and basic control commands sent from GCS to UAV and UAV to GCS. In order to increase the transfer speed and efficiency, the Mavlink does not encrypt the messages. As a result, the protocol is vulnerable to various security attacks such as Eavesdropping, GPS Spoofing, and DDoS. In this study, we tackle the problem and secure… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Method for Planning the Routes of Harvesting Equipment using Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

    Vitaliy Mezhuyev1,*, Yurii Gunchenko2, Sergey Shvorov3, Dmitry Chyrchenko3

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.26, No.1, pp. 121-132, 2020, DOI:10.31209/2019.100000133

    Abstract The widespread distribution of precision farming systems necessitates improvements in the methods for the control of unmanned harvesting equipment (UHE). While unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) provide an effective solution to this problem, there are many challenges in the implementation of technology. This paper considers the problem of identifying optimal routes of UHE movement as a multicriteria evaluation problem, which can be solved by a nonlinear scheme of compromises. The proposed method uses machine learning algorithms and statistical processing of the spectral characteristics obtained from UAV digital images. Developed method minimizes the resources needed for a harvesting campaign and reduces the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Cultivated Land Monitoring System Based on Dynamic Wake-Up UAV and Wireless of Distributed Storage

    Longqing Zhang1, Liping Bai1,*, Xinwei Zhang2, Yanghong Zhang2, Lei Yang1, Xiangdu Yan2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.61, No.2, pp. 817-828, 2019, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2019.06062

    Abstract The drawbacks of the traditional multi-hop structure of wireless sensor networks (WSNS) are susceptible to reflection, scattering and diffraction, serious attenuation of signal intensity and phase deviation due to various obstacles in cultivated land environment and mountains. In this paper, the wireless signal intensity is measured and curve fitting is done respectively in both open environment and obstacle-environment with both sending and receiving height of 0 m, 1 m, and 2 m. It is found out that packet loss probability is too high when an obstacle exists. In such a case, unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) is introduced to activate terrestrial… More >

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