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  • Open Access


    Revalorisation of Posidonia Oceanica as Reinforcement in Polyethylene/Maleic Anhydride Grafted Polyethylene Composites

    D. Puglia*, R. Petrucci, E. Fortunati, F. Luzi, J.M. Kenny, L. Torre

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.2, No.1, pp. 66-76, 2014, DOI:10.7569/JRM.2013.634134

    Abstract Posidonia Oceanica waste was used as reinforcement in a polyethylene matrix and the obtained composites were characterised by a tensile test and morphological analysis. The fi brous material derived from P. Oceanica wastes was characterised by morphological, thermal and chemical analysis, and a subsequent treatment with sodium hydroxide (NaOH) at different weight content (2, 5 and 10 wt%) was considered as an optimised method for surface modifi cation of pristine fi bres (PO). The TGA analysis and morphological investigation of the treated fi bres selected the 5 wt% of NaOH as the best treatment. Matrix compatibilisation with More >

  • Open Access


    Characterization of Extracts from the Bark of the Gabon Hazel Tree (Coula edulis baill) for Antioxidant, Antifungal and Anti-termite Products

    Christ Stone Arnaud Bopenga Bopenga1, Henri Meyo Degboevi1, Kevin Candelier2, Prosper Edou Engonga3, Stéphane Dumarçay1, Marie France Thévenon2, Christine Gérardin Charbonnier1, Philippe Gérardin1,*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.9, No.1, pp. 17-33, 2021, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2021.013366


    Chemical composition of the bark extracts of Coula edulis was investigated to find potential antioxidant, anti-termite and antifungal compounds which can find useful applications in the fields of food, nutraceuticals, cosmetics or agrochemical. Phytochemical screening revealed the presence of several groups of active molecules such as alkaloids, polyphenols, flavonoids, saponins and sterols and/or terpenes in the different extracts. Total phenols, condensed tannins and flavonoids contents corroborated phytochemical screening. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis revealed compounds in dichloromethane extract different from those obtained with all the other solvents. Hexadecanoic and trans-9-octadecenoic acids, as well as stigmasterol and β-sitosterol

    More >

  • Open Access


    Biorefinery of Rice Husk to Obtain Functionalized Bioactive Compounds

    M. Lopretti1,*#, N. Lecot1,2,#, A. Rodriguez3, G. Lluberas1, F. Orozco4, L. Bolaños4, G. Montes De Oca4, H. Cerecetto2, J. Vega-Baudrit4,5

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.7, No.4, pp. 313-324, 2019, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2019.00008

    Abstract The biomass industrialization valorisation of grains and cereals is considered an opportunity for the countries where agro-industrial activity is one of its main economic activities, rendering new higher-value products with a concomitant solution to waste accumulation issues. To that end, in this work we describe and characterise bioactive compounds generation from rice husk by semi-solid fermentation, obtained from 500 g of the material at room temperature and 60% humidity with mixed cultures of Phanerochaete chrysosporium and Gloeophyllum trabeum. The extract was evaluated in different situations: murine mammary tumour cells (4T1), normal cells (NIH 3T3) and More >

  • Open Access


    Suitability of Blends from Virgin and Reprocessed Polylactide: Performance and Energy Valorization Kinetics

    O. Gil-Castell1, J. D. Badia1,2, A. Ribes-Greus1,*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.6, No.4, pp. 370-382, 2018, DOI:10.7569/JRM.2017.634170

    Abstract A blending strategy of virgin and reprocessed polylactide may be postulated as an alternative to reduce the material cost at industrial level, and as a valorization route to plastic waste management of production scraps. The performance of blends prepared from virgin polylactide and polylactide mechanically reprocessed up to two cycles (PLA-V/R) was assessed in terms of thermo-oxidative stability, morphology, viscoelasticity and thermal kinetics for energetic valorization. PLA-V/R blends showed appropriate thermo-oxidative stability. The amorphous nature of polylactide was preserved after blending. The viscoelastic properties showed an increment of the mechanical blend effectiveness, which suggested the More >

  • Open Access


    Influence of the Extraction Temperature on the Properties of Biopolymers Obtained from Tannery Wastes

    M.A. Pérez-Limiñana*, M.M. Sánchez-Navarro, M.J. Escoto-Palacios, F. Arán-Aís, C. Orgilés-Barceló

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.4, No.1, pp. 3-8, 2016, DOI:10.7569/JRM.2015.634119

    Abstract The tanning i ndustry generates very large quantities of industrial wastes. The advancement of European policy and legislation protecting the environment has prompted the transformation of tannery solid waste materials into valuable co-products, useful to be recycled or employed in other industries. The objective of this work is to obtain gelatine from tannery wastes, in order to reuse it as natural microencapsulating agent in the production of active materials with functional properties. Concretely, this paper focuses on the influence of the extraction temperature on gelatine properties and its microencapsulating ability. An alternative enzymatic pre-treatment to More >

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