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Characterization of Extracts from the Bark of the Gabon Hazel Tree (Coula edulis baill) for Antioxidant, Antifungal and Anti-termite Products

Christ Stone Arnaud Bopenga Bopenga1, Henri Meyo Degboevi1, Kevin Candelier2, Prosper Edou Engonga3, Stéphane Dumarçay1, Marie France Thévenon2, Christine Gérardin Charbonnier1, Philippe Gérardin1,*
1 Université de Lorraine, Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement, Laboratoire d’Etudes et de Recherche sur le Matériau Bois, Nancy, France
2 Université de Montpellier, Centre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement-Research Unit Biomass, Wood, Energy, Bioproducts, Montpellier, France
3 Multidisciplinary Laboratory of Sciences of Libreville, Normal Superior School, Libreville, Gabon
* Corresponding Author: Philippe Gérardin. Email:

Journal of Renewable Materials 2021, 9(1), 17-33. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2021.013366

Received 04 August 2020; Accepted 09 September 2020; Issue published 30 November 2020

Abstract

Chemical composition of the bark extracts of Coula edulis was investigated to find potential antioxidant, anti-termite and antifungal compounds which can find useful applications in the fields of food, nutraceuticals, cosmetics or agrochemical. Phytochemical screening revealed the presence of several groups of active molecules such as alkaloids, polyphenols, flavonoids, saponins and sterols and/or terpenes in the different extracts. Total phenols, condensed tannins and flavonoids contents corroborated phytochemical screening. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis revealed compounds in dichloromethane extract different from those obtained with all the other solvents. Hexadecanoic and trans-9-octadecenoic acids, as well as stigmasterol and β-sitosterol have been identified as the major compounds in the dichloromethane extract. Extracts obtained with acetone and toluene/ethanol mixture (2/1, v/v) indicated the presence of few amounts of fatty acids and sugars, catechin in small amount and huge amounts of phenolic acids like gallic and ellagic acids. The radical 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyle (DPPH) and the cationic radical 2,2’-azinobis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS+) were used for evaluation of antioxidant properties of the different extracts. The dichloromethane extracts had a very low antioxidant activity, while acetone and toluene/ethanol extracts presented EC50 values similar to those of catechin and BHT used as reference antioxidant compounds. Effect of the different extracts of the bark of C. edulis on fungal growth inhibition indicated better inhibition of the mycelium growth of brown rot fungi compared to white rot fungi. Low anti-termite activities were recorded with the aqueous extracts, while stronger activities were recorded with dichloromethane, acetone and toluene/ethanol extracts.


Keywords

Antifungal; antioxidant; anti-termite; Coula edulis baill ; extracts; valorisation

Cite This Article

Stone, C., Degboevi, H. M., Candelier, K., Engonga, P. E., Dumarçay, S. et al. (2021). Characterization of Extracts from the Bark of the Gabon Hazel Tree (Coula edulis baill) for Antioxidant, Antifungal and Anti-termite Products. Journal of Renewable Materials, 9(1), 17–33.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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