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  • Open Access


    Research on the Dynamic Response of Submerged Floating Tunnels to Wave Currents and Traffic Load

    Bolin Jiang1,*, Shanshan Wu2, Min Ji1, Bo Liang3

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.1, pp. 159-173, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.020730

    Abstract Submerged floating tunnel (SFTs) are typically subjected to complex external environmental and internal loads such as wave currents and traffic load. In this study, this problem is investigated through a finite element method able to account for fluid-structure interaction. The obtained results show that increasing the number of vehicles per unit length enhances the transverse vibrational displacements of the SFT cross sections. Under ultimate traffic load condition, one-way and two-way syntropic distributions can promote the dynamic responses of SFTs whereas two-way reverse distributions have the opposite effect. More >

  • Open Access


    Fatigue Performance of Orthotropic Steel Decks in Super-Wide Steel Box Girder Considering Transverse Distribution of Vehicle Load

    Xudong Wang1,2, Changqing Miao1,2,*, Mao Yang1,2, Youliang Ding1,2

    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.15, No.4, pp. 299-316, 2021, DOI:10.32604/sdhm.2021.017526

    Abstract This study presents an investigation on the fatigue analysis of four types of details on orthotropic steel decks (OSDs) for a cable-stayed super-wide steel box girder bridge based on finite-element analysis (FEA) with vehicle transverse distribution model (VTDM). A high-fidelity 3D FE model verified by the static load test is established to satisfy the fatigue analysis accuracy. The stress behavior of super-wide steel box girders under the vehicle load at different lane locations is investigated. Then, considering the effect of VTDM, the fatigue life analysis of four typical details is performed using the Miner cumulative damage rule. The results show… More >

  • Open Access


    Maximum Probabilistic and Dynamic Traffic Load Effects on Short-to-Medium Span Bridges

    Naiwei Lu1,*, Honghao Wang1, Kai Wang1, Yang Liu2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.127, No.1, pp. 345-360, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.013792

    Abstract The steadily growing traffic load has resulted in lots of bridge collapse events over the past decades, especially for short-to-medium span bridges. This study investigated probabilistic and dynamic traffic load effects on short-to-medium span bridges using practical heavy traffic data in China. Mathematical formulations for traffic-bridge coupled vibration and probabilistic extrapolation were derived. A framework for extrapolating probabilistic and dynamic traffic load effect was presented to conduct an efficient and accurate extrapolation. An equivalent dynamic wheel load model was demonstrated to be feasible for short-to-medium span bridges. Numerical studies of two types of simply-supported bridges were conducted based on site-specific… More >

  • Open Access


    Stay cable vehicle live load effects analysis based on structural health monitoring data

    C.M. Lan1, H. Li1

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.12, No.3, pp. 75-82, 2009, DOI:10.3970/icces.2009.012.075

    Abstract Stay cables are some of the most critical structural components of a bridge. However, stay cables readily suffer from corrosion damage and stress corrosion damage. Thus, health monitoring of stay cables is important for ensuring the integrity and safety of a bridge. Glass Fibre Reinforced Polymer Optical Fibre Bragg Grating (GFRP-OFBG) cable, a kind of fibre Bragg grating optical sensing technology-based smart stay cables, is proposed in this study. The fabrication procedure of the smart stay cable was developed and the self-sensing property of the smart stay cable was calibrated. The application of the smart stay cables on the Tianjin… More >

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