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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Tuning the Spatially Controlled Growth, Structural Self-Organizing and Cluster-Assembling of the Carbyne-Enriched Nano-Matrix during Ion-Assisted Pulse-Plasma Deposition

    Alexander Lukin1,*, Oğuz Gülseren2

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.6, pp. 1763-1779, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.022016

    Abstract Carbyne-enriched nanomaterials are of current interest in nanotechnology-related applications. The properties of these nanomaterials greatly depend on their production process. In particular, structural self-organization and auto-synchronization of nanostructures are typical phenomena observed during the growth and heteroatom-doping of carbyne-enriched nanostructured metamaterials by the ion-assisted pulse-plasma deposition method. Accordingly, fine tuning of these processes may be seen as the key step to the predictive designing of carbyne-enriched nano-matrices with improved properties. In particular, we propose an innovative concept, connected with application of the vibrational-acoustic effects and based on universal Cymatics mechanisms. These effects are used to induce vibration-assisted self-organized wave patterns… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Deep Learning Framework for COVID-19 Diagnosis from Computed Tomography

    Nabila Mansouri1,2,*, Khalid Sultan3, Aakash Ahmad4, Ibrahim Alseadoon4, Adal Alkhalil4

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.34, No.2, pp. 1247-1264, 2022, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2022.025046

    Abstract The outbreak of novel Coronavirus COVID-19, an infectious disease caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, has caused an unprecedented medical, economic, and social emergency that requires data-driven intelligence and decision support systems to counter the subsequent pandemic. Data-driven models and intelligent systems can assist medical researchers and practitioners to identify symptoms of COVID-19 infection. Several solutions based on medical image processing have been proposed for this purpose. However, the most shortcoming of hand craft image processing systems is the lower provided performances. Hence, for the first time, the proposed solution uses a deep learning model that is applied to Computed Tomography… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Nonlinear Response of Tunnel Portal under Earthquake Waves with Different Vibration Directions

    Hongyun Jiao1, Mi Zhao1, Jingqi Huang2,*, Xu Zhao1,3, Xiuli Du1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.131, No.3, pp. 1289-1314, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2022.018540

    Abstract Tunnel portal sections often suffer serious damage in strong earthquake events. Earthquake waves may propagate in different directions, producing various dynamic responses in the tunnel portal. Based on the Galongla tunnel, which is located in a seismic region of China, three-dimensional seismic analysis is conducted to investigate the dynamic response of a tunnel portal subjected to earthquake waves with different vibration directions. In order to simulate the mechanic behavior of slope rock effectively, an elastoplastic damage model is adopted and applied to ABAQUS software by a self-compiled user material (UMAT) subroutine. Moreover, the seismic wave input method for tunnel portal… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Fatigue Crack Detection in Steel Plates Using Guided Waves and an Energy-Based Imaging Approach

    Mingyu Lu1,*, Kaige Zhu1, Qiang Wang2

    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.15, No.3, pp. 207-225, 2021, DOI:10.32604/sdhm.2021.017720

    Abstract The increasing use of ultrasonic guided waves (GWs) has been shown to have great potential for the detection of fatigue cracks and non-fatigue type damages in metallic structures. This paper reports on a study demonstrating an energy-based damage imaging approach in which signal characteristics identified through relative time differences by fatigue crack (RTD/f) through different sensor paths are used to estimate the location of fatigue crack in steel plates based on GWs generated by an active piezoceramic transducer (PZT) network. The propagation of GWs in the original 10 mm-thick plate was complicated due to its thick geometry, wave dispersion, boundary… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Damage Detection in CFST Column by Simulation of Ultrasonic Waves Using STFT-Based Spectrogram and Welch Power Spectral Density Estimate

    Nadom K. Mutlib1,*, Muna N. Ismael1, Shahrizan Baharom2

    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.15, No.3, pp. 227-246, 2021, DOI:10.32604/sdhm.2021.010725

    Abstract Structural health monitoring employs different tools and techniques to provide a prediction for damages that occur in various structures. Damages such as debond and cracks in concrete-filled steel tube column (CFST) are serious defects that threaten the integrity of the structural members. Ultrasonic waves monitoring applied to the CFST column is necessary to detect damages and quantify their size. However, without appropriate signal processing tools, the results of the monitoring process could not be crucial. In this research, a monitoring process based on a Multiphysics numerical simulation study was carried out. Two signal processing tools: short time Fourier transform (STFT)… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Rotational Effect on the Propagation of Waves in a Magneto-Micropolar Thermoelastic Medium

    A. M. Abd-Alla1,*, S. M. Abo-Dahab2, M. A. Abdelhafez1, A. M. Farhan3,4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.69, No.1, pp. 205-220, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.015563

    Abstract The present paper aims to explore how the magnetic field, ramp parameter, and rotation affect a generalized micropolar thermoelastic medium that is standardized isotropic within the half-space. By employing normal mode analysis and Lame’s potential theory, the authors could express analytically the components of displacement, stress, couple stress, and temperature field in the physical domain. They calculated such manners of expression numerically and plotted the matching graphs to highlight and make comparisons with theoretical findings. The highlights of the paper cover the impacts of various parameters on the rotating micropolar thermoelastic half-space. Nevertheless, the non-dimensional temperature is not affected by… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Describe the Mathematical Model for Exchanging Waves Between Bacterial and Cellular DNA

    Mohamed S. Mohamed1,*, Sayed K. Elagan1, Saad J. Almalki1, Muteb R. Alharthi1, Mohamed F. El-Badawy2, Amr M. S. Mahdy1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.68, No.3, pp. 3615-3628, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.017208

    Abstract In this article, we have shown that bacterial DNA could act like some coils which interact with coil-like DNA of host cells. By decreasing the separating distance between two bacterial cellular DNA, the interaction potential, entropy, and the number of microstates of the system grow. Moreover, the system gives its energy to the medium and the temperature of the host body grows. This could be seen as fever in diseases. By emitting some special waves and changing the temperature of the medium, the effects of bacterial waves could be reduced and bacterial diseases could be controlled. Many investigators have shown… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Laminar and Turbulent Characteristics of the Acoustic/Fluid Dynamics Interactions in a Slender Simulated Solid Rocket Motor Chamber

    Abdelkarim Hegab*, Faisal Albatati, Mohammed Algarni

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.127, No.2, pp. 437-468, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.014690

    Abstract In this paper, analytical, computational, and experimental studies are integrated to examine unsteady acoustic/vorticity transport phenomena in a solid rocket motor chamber with end-wall disturbance and side-wall injection. Acoustic-fluid dynamic interactions across the chamber may generate intense unsteady vorticity with associated shear stresses. These stresses may cause scouring and, in turn, enhance the heat rate and erosional burning of solid propellant in a real rocket chamber. In this modelling, the unsteady propellant gasification is mimicked by steady-state flow disturbed by end-wall oscillations. The analytical approach is formulated using an asymptotic technique to reduce the full governing equations. The equations that… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Flower Pollination Heuristics for Parameter Estimation of Electromagnetic Plane Waves

    Sadiq Akbar1, Muhammad Asif Zahoor Raja2,*, Naveed Ishtiaq Chaudhary3, Fawad Zaman4, Hani Alquhayz5

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.68, No.2, pp. 2529-2543, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.016097

    Abstract For the last few decades, the parameter estimation of electromagnetic plane waves i.e., far field sources, impinging on antenna array geometries has attracted a lot of researchers due to their use in radar, sonar and under water acoustic environments. In this work, nature inspired heuristics based on the flower pollination algorithm (FPA) is designed for the estimation problem of amplitude and direction of arrival of far field sources impinging on uniform linear array (ULA). Using the approximation in mean squared error sense, a fitness function of the problem is developed and the strength of the FPA is utilized for optimization… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Wave Propagation Model in a Human Long Poroelastic Bone under Effect of Magnetic Field and Rotation

    A. M. Abd-Alla1,*, Hanaa Abu-Zinadah2, S. M. Abo-Dahab3, J. Bouslimi4,5, M. Omri6

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.68, No.2, pp. 1485-1504, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.012586

    Abstract This article is aimed at describing the way rotation and magnetic field affect the propagation of waves in an infinite poroelastic cylindrical bone. It offers a solution with an exact closed form. The authors got and examined numerically the general frequency equation for poroelastic bone. Moreover, they calculated the frequencies of poroelastic bone for different values of the magnetic field and rotation. Unlike the results of previous studies, the authors noticed little frequency dispersion in the wet bone. The proposed model will be applicable to wide-range parametric projects of bone mechanical response. Examining the vibration of surface waves in rotating… More >

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