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  • Open Access


    A New Scheme of the ARA Transform for Solving Fractional-Order Waves-Like Equations Involving Variable Coefficients

    Yu-Ming Chu1, Sobia Sultana2, Shazia Karim3, Saima Rashid4,*, Mohammed Shaaf Alharthi5

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.138, No.1, pp. 761-791, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.028600

    Abstract The goal of this research is to develop a new, simplified analytical method known as the ARA-residue power series method for obtaining exact-approximate solutions employing Caputo type fractional partial differential equations (PDEs) with variable coefficient. ARA-transform is a robust and highly flexible generalization that unifies several existing transforms. The key concept behind this method is to create approximate series outcomes by implementing the ARA-transform and Taylor’s expansion. The process of finding approximations for dynamical fractional-order PDEs is challenging, but the ARA-residual power series technique magnifies this challenge by articulating the solution in a series pattern and then determining the series… More >

  • Open Access


    Study of Intelligent Approaches to Identify Impact of Environmental Temperature on Ultrasonic GWs Based SHM: A Review

    Saqlain Abbas1,2,*, Zulkarnain Abbas3, Xiaotong Tu4, Yanping Zhu2

    Journal on Artificial Intelligence, Vol.5, pp. 43-56, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jai.2023.040948

    Abstract Structural health monitoring (SHM) is considered an effective approach to analyze the efficient working of several mechanical components. For this purpose, ultrasonic guided waves can cover long-distance and assess large infrastructures in just a single test using a small number of transducers. However, the working of the SHM mechanism can be affected by some sources of variations (i.e., environmental). To improve the final results of ultrasonic guided wave inspections, it is necessary to highlight and attenuate these environmental variations. The loading parameters, temperature and humidity have been recognized as the core environmental sources of variations that affect the SHM sensing… More >

  • Open Access


    Multi-phase Modeling on Spall and Recompression Process of Tin Under Double Shockwaves

    Fengchao Wu1,*, Xuhai Li1, Yi Sun1, Yuanchao Gan1, Huayun Geng1, Yuying Yu1, Jianbo Hu1

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.26, No.3, pp. 1-1, 2023, DOI:10.32604/icces.2023.09320

    Abstract The dynamical response of materials to multiple shock waves is a critical issue in shock physics and engineering applications. In this work, hydrodynamic simulations are used to investigate the shock-induced spall failure and subsequent recompression characteristics of tin, under the implementation of a multiphase equation of state, multi-phase constitutive relations, and a damage model. As within experiments, double shock loadings in simulations are driven by layered impactors with different shock impedances. In general, our numerical calculations agree well with recent tin spall experiments and reproduce the free surface velocity characteristics. Interesting dynamic behaviors such as tin shock compression, dynamic tensile… More >

  • Open Access


    Investigating the Self-Force and Evolution of High-Speed Dislocations in Impacted Metals: A Discrete-Continuous Model and Configurational Mechanics Analysis

    Shichao Luo1, Yinan Cui1,*

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.25, No.3, pp. 1-1, 2023, DOI:10.32604/icces.2023.010223

    Abstract The responses of metals subjected to super high rates of deformation (> 10!/�), as shocking loading, is an area of active research. At such extreme loading rates, subsonic, transonic, and even supersonic dislocation (compared with the shear wave speed in metals) play a crucial role in plastic deformation. The behavior of high-speed dislocations is much more complex than that of quasi-static dislocations under static loads, as their self-force is history-dependent, and their evolution of density is rate-relevant. However, the fundamental questions regarding the self-force and evolution of high-speed dislocations in impacted materials is largely unknown. To address this gap, this… More >

  • Open Access


    Three-Dimensional Numerical Simulation of Large-Scale LandslideGenerated Surging Waves with a GPU‒Accelerated Soil‒Water Coupled SPH Model

    Can Huang1,*, Xiaoliang Wang1, Qingquan Liu1, Huaning Wang2

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.25, No.1, pp. 1-1, 2023, DOI:10.32604/icces.2023.09824

    Abstract Soil‒water coupling is an important process in landslide-generated impulse waves (LGIW) problems, accompanied by large deformation of soil, strong interface coupling and three-dimensional effect. A meshless particle method, smooth particle hydrodynamics (SPH) has great advantages in dealing with complex interface and multiphase coupling problems. This study presents an improved soil‒water coupled model to simulate LGIW problems based on an open source code DualSPHysics (v4.0). Aiming to solve the low efficiency problem in modeling real large-scale LGIW problems, graphics processing unit (GPU) acceleration technology is implemented into this code. An experimental example, subaerial landslidegenerated water waves, is simulated to validate this… More >

  • Open Access


    Higher Order OAM Mode Generation Using Wearable Antenna for 5G NR Bands

    Shehab Khan Noor1, Arif Mawardi Ismail1, Mohd Najib Mohd Yasin1,*, Mohamed Nasrun Osman1, Thennarasan Sabapathy1, Shakhirul Mat Salleh2, Ping Jack Soh3, Ali Hanafiah Rambe4, Nurulazlina Ramli5

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.47, No.1, pp. 537-551, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.037381

    Abstract This paper presents a flexible and wearable textile array antenna designed to generate Orbital Angular Momentum (OAM) waves with Mode +2 at 3.5 GHz (3.4 to 3.6 GHz) of the sub-6 GHz fifth-generation (5G) New Radio (NR) band. The proposed antenna is based on a uniform circular array of eight microstrip patch antennas on a felt textile substrate. In contrast to previous works involving the use of rigid substrates to generate OAM waves, this work explored the use of flexible substrates to generate OAM waves for the first time. Other than that, the proposed antenna was simulated, analyzed, fabricated, and… More >

  • Open Access


    Improved Beam Steering Method Using OAM Waves

    Nidal Qasem*, Ahmad Alamayreh

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.46, No.1, pp. 417-431, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.035603

    Abstract Orbital Angular Momentum (OAM) is an intrinsic feature of electromagnetic waves which has recently found many applications in several areas in radio and optics. In this paper, we use OAM wave characteristics to present a simple method for beam steering over both elevation and azimuth planes. The design overcomes some limitations of traditional steering methods, such as limited dynamic range of steering, the design complexity, bulky size of the steering structure, the limited bandwidth of operation, and low gain. Based on OAM wave characteristics, the proposed steering method avoids design complexities by adopting a simple method for generating the OAM-carrying… More >

  • Open Access


    Generation of OAM Waves and Analysis of Mode Purity for 5G Sub-6 GHz Applications

    Shehab Khan Noor1, Arif Mawardi Ismail1, Mohd Najib Mohd Yasin1,*, Mohamed Nasrun Osman1, Nurulazlina Ramli2, Ali H. Rambe3, J. Iqbal4,5

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.74, No.1, pp. 2239-2259, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.031170

    Abstract This article presents the generation of Orbital Angular Momentum (OAM) vortex waves with mode 1 using Uniform Circular Array (UCA) antenna. Two different designs, namely, UCA-1 (4-element array antenna) and UCA-2 (8-element array antenna), were designed and fabricated using FR-4 substrate to generate OAM mode 1 at 3.5 GHz (5G mid-band). The proposed antenna arrays comprised rectangular microstrip patch elements with inset fed technique. The elements were excited by a carefully designed feeding phase shift network to provide similar output energy at output ports with desired phase shift value. The generated OAM waves were confirmed by measuring the null in… More >

  • Open Access


    Effects of Ultrasonic Seed Treatment on Rice Performances under the Seawater Irrigation

    Yingying Zhang1,2,3, Jinhai Liu1,2,3, Zhuosheng Yan4, Gangshun Rao5, Xiangru Tang1,2,3,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.1, pp. 121-130, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.022697

    Abstract Irrigation with desalinated seawater is an effective way to use ocean resources and save freshwater resources. However, seawater irrigation would cause yield loss of rice. In order to explore the effects of ultrasonic seed treatment on rice performances under seawater irrigation, the present study was conducted with three irrigation treatments (fresh water (SW0), ten times diluted seawater (SW1%, 0.34% salinity), and five times diluted seawater (SW2%, 0.68% salinity)) and two seed treatments (ultrasonic treated seeds (UT) and untreated seeds (CK)). Compared with SW0 + CK treatment, SW1 + CK and SW2 + CK treatments significantly decreased grain yield by 56.19%… More >

  • Open Access


    Tuning the Spatially Controlled Growth, Structural Self-Organizing and Cluster-Assembling of the Carbyne-Enriched Nano-Matrix during Ion-Assisted Pulse-Plasma Deposition

    Alexander Lukin1,*, Oğuz Gülseren2

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.6, pp. 1763-1779, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.022016

    Abstract Carbyne-enriched nanomaterials are of current interest in nanotechnology-related applications. The properties of these nanomaterials greatly depend on their production process. In particular, structural self-organization and auto-synchronization of nanostructures are typical phenomena observed during the growth and heteroatom-doping of carbyne-enriched nanostructured metamaterials by the ion-assisted pulse-plasma deposition method. Accordingly, fine tuning of these processes may be seen as the key step to the predictive designing of carbyne-enriched nano-matrices with improved properties. In particular, we propose an innovative concept, connected with application of the vibrational-acoustic effects and based on universal Cymatics mechanisms. These effects are used to induce vibration-assisted self-organized wave patterns… More >

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