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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Monitoring Method for Transmission Tower Foots Displacement Based on Wind-Induced Vibration Response

    Zhicheng Liu1, Long Zhao1,*, Guanru Wen1, Peng Yuan2, Qiu Jin1

    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.17, No.6, pp. 541-555, 2023, DOI:10.32604/sdhm.2023.029760

    Abstract The displacement of transmission tower feet can seriously affect the safe operation of the tower, and the accuracy of structural health monitoring methods is limited at the present stage. The application of deep learning method provides new ideas for structural health monitoring of towers, but the current amount of tower vibration fault data is restricted to provide adequate training data for Deep Learning (DL). In this paper, we propose a DT-DL based tower foot displacement monitoring method, which firstly simulates the wind-induced vibration response data of the tower under each fault condition by finite element method. Then the vibration signal… More > Graphic Abstract

    A Monitoring Method for Transmission Tower Foots Displacement Based on Wind-Induced Vibration Response

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Experimental and Numerical Investigation on the Aerodynamic Characteristics of High-Speed Pantographs with Supporting Beam Wind Deflectors

    Shiyang Song1,*, Tongxin Han2

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.20, No.1, pp. 127-145, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.030137

    Abstract Aiming to mitigate the aerodynamic lift force imbalance between pantograph strips, which exacerbates wear and affects the current collection performance of the pantograph-catenary system, a study has been conducted to support the beam deflector optimization using a combination of experimental measurements and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations. The results demonstrate that the size, position, and installation orientation of the wind deflectors significantly influence the amount of force compensation. They also indicate that the front strip deflectors should be installed downwards and the rear strip deflectors upwards, thereby forming a “π” shape. Moreover, the lift force compensation provided by the wind… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Research on Equivalent Modeling Method of AC-DC Power Networks Integrating with Renewable Energy Generation

    Weigang Jin1, Lei Chen2,*, Yifei Li2, Shencong Zheng2, Yuqi Jiang2, Hongkun Chen2

    Energy Engineering, Vol.120, No.11, pp. 2469-2487, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.043021

    Abstract Along with the increasing integration of renewable energy generation in AC-DC power networks, investigating the dynamic behaviors of this complex system with a proper equivalent model is significant. This paper presents an equivalent modeling method for the AC-DC power networks with doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG) based wind farms to decrease the simulation scale and computational burden. For the AC-DC power networks, the equivalent modeling strategy in accordance with the physical structure simplification is stated. Regarding the DFIG-based wind farms, the equivalent modeling based on the sequential identification of multi-machine parameters using the improved chaotic cuckoo search algorithm (ICCSA) is conducted.… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Gated Fusion Based Transformer Model for Crack Detection on Wind Turbine Blade

    Wenyang Tang1,2, Cong Liu1,*, Bo Zhang2

    Energy Engineering, Vol.120, No.11, pp. 2667-2681, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.040743

    Abstract Harsh working environments and wear between blades and other unit components can easily lead to cracks and damage on wind turbine blades. The cracks on the blades can endanger the shafting of the generator set, the tower and other components, and even cause the tower to collapse. To achieve high-precision wind blade crack detection, this paper proposes a crack fault-detection strategy that integrates Gated Residual Network (GRN), a fusion module and Transformer. Firstly, GRN can reduce unnecessary noisy inputs that could negatively impact performance while preserving the integrity of feature information. In addition, to gain in-depth information about the characteristics… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Dynamic Response Analysis of Semi-Submersible Floating Wind Turbine with Different Wave Conditions

    Mingzhen Jiang1, Guanghui Qiao2, Jiwen Chen3, Xuemei Huang1,4,*, Leian Zhang1,4, Yongshuang Wen1, Yuhuan Zhang1

    Energy Engineering, Vol.120, No.11, pp. 2531-2545, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.029702

    Abstract To address the problem of poor wave resistance of existing offshore floating wind turbines, a new type of semi-submersible platform with truncated-cone-type upper pontoons is proposed by combining the characteristics of offshore wind turbine semi-submersible floating platforms. Based on the coupled hydrodynamic, aerodynamic, and mooring force physical fields of FAST, the surge, heave, pitch, and yaw motions responses of the floating wind turbine under different wave heights and periods are obtained, and the mooring line tension responses are also obtained; and compare the dynamic response of the new semi-submersible platform with the OC4-DeepCwind platform at six degrees of freedom. The… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Simulation of Offshore Wind Turbine Blade Docking Based on the Stewart Platform

    Yi Zhang*, Jiamin Guo, Huanghua Peng

    Energy Engineering, Vol.120, No.11, pp. 2489-2502, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.029496

    Abstract The windy environment is the main cause affecting the efficiency of offshore wind turbine installation. In order to improve the stability and efficiency of single-blade installation of offshore wind turbines under high wind speed conditions, the Stewart platform is used as an auxiliary tool to help dock the wind turbine blade in this paper. In order to verify the effectiveness of the Stewart platform for blade docking, a blade docking simulation system consisting of the Stewart platform, wind turbine blade, and wind load calculation module was built based on Simulink/Simscape Multibody. At the same time, the PID algorithm is used… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Influence of the Blade Bifurcated Tip on the Correlation between Wind Turbine Wheel Vibration and Aerodynamic Noise

    Baohua Li1, Yuanjun Dai1,2,*, Jingan Cui1, Cong Wang1, Kunju Shi1

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.12, pp. 3033-3043, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.029583

    Abstract To reduce the vibration and aerodynamic noise of wind turbines, a new design is proposed relying on a blade with a bifurcated apex or tip. The performances of this wind turbine wheel are tested at the entrance of a DC (directaction) wind tunnel for different blade tip angles and varying centrifugal force and aerodynamic loads. The test results indicate that the bifurcated apex can reduce the vibration acceleration amplitude and the vibration frequency of the wind wheel. At the same time, the bifurcated apex can lower the maximum sound pressure level corresponding to the rotating fundamental frequency of the wind… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Diagnosis of Disc Space Variation Fault Degree of Transformer Winding Based on K-Nearest Neighbor Algorithm

    Song Wang1,*, Fei Xie1, Fengye Yang1, Shengxuan Qiu1, Chuang Liu2, Tong Li3

    Energy Engineering, Vol.120, No.10, pp. 2273-2285, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.030107

    Abstract Winding is one of the most important components in power transformers. Ensuring the health state of the winding is of great importance to the stable operation of the power system. To efficiently and accurately diagnose the disc space variation (DSV) fault degree of transformer winding, this paper presents a diagnostic method of winding fault based on the K-Nearest Neighbor (KNN) algorithm and the frequency response analysis (FRA) method. First, a laboratory winding model is used, and DSV faults with four different degrees are achieved by changing disc space of the discs in the winding. Then, a series of FRA tests… More > Graphic Abstract

    Diagnosis of Disc Space Variation Fault Degree of Transformer Winding Based on K-Nearest Neighbor Algorithm

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Research on the Follow-Up Control Strategy of Biaxial Fatigue Test of Wind Turbine Blade Based on Electromagnetic Excitation

    Wenzhe Guo1, Leian Zhang1,*, Chao Lv2, Weisheng Liu3, Jiabin Tian2

    Energy Engineering, Vol.120, No.10, pp. 2307-2323, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.030029

    Abstract Aiming at the drift problem that the tracking control of the actual load relative to the target load during the electromagnetic excitation biaxial fatigue test of wind turbine blades is easy to drift, a biaxial fatigue testing machine for electromagnetic excitation is designed, and the following strategy of the actual load and the target load is studied. A Fast Transversal Recursive Least Squares algorithm based on fuzzy logic (Fuzzy FTRLS) is proposed to develop a fatigue loading following dynamic strategy, which adjusts the forgetting factor in the algorithm through fuzzy logic to overcome the contradiction between convergence accuracy and convergence… More >

  • Open Access

    PROCEEDINGS

    Numerical Simulation of Non-Gaussian Winds and Application on Floating Offshore Wind Turbines

    Shu Dai1,*, Bert Sweetman2

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.27, No.2, pp. 1-1, 2023, DOI:10.32604/icces.2023.09687

    Abstract Short-term wind process is normally assumed to be a Gaussian distribution, such as TurbSim, the widely used 3D wind field tool. Nowadays, newest researches indicate that non-Gaussian wind model is believed to be more accurate according to the field observation data. A new numerical method is proposed to generate non-Gaussian wind filed using translation process theory and spectral representation method. This study presents a comprehensive investigation on power production and blades fatigue damage of floating offshore wind turbines (FOWTs) to the non-Gaussian wind field. The comparisons of Gaussian and non-Gaussian simulation results indicate that the non-Gaussian wind fields will cost… More >

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