Advanced Search
Displaying 1-10 on page 1 of 849. Per Page  

Articles / Online

  • SPAD Value Difference between Blueberry Cultivar ‘STAR’ by Planted Ground and Pot
  • Abstract In the smart farm, we can control every detail for production. Collecting every factor that affects the crop’s final yield is necessary to optimize its efficiency. The SPAD values were observed in the ‘Star’ cultivar blueberry (Vaccinium darrowii) three times a day and at three different plant heights. The pattern of SPAD value change was different by the planting position. Ground planted blueberry (V. darrowii) represented a stable SPAD value during the day and at the different heights. However, the SPAD value was increased by time in pot-planted blueberry (V. darrowii). Also, the SPAD value of pot-planted blueberry was lower…
  • More
  •   Views:198       Downloads:103        Download PDF
  • Transcriptome Analysis via RNA Sequencing Reveals the Molecular Mechanisms Underlying the Hedera helix Response to High Temperature
  • Abstract Hedera helix is an evergreen ornamental plant that is resistant to cool but not high temperature and deserves to be further researched for improving its adaptability to heat stress. Two Hedera helix cultivars, heat-tolerant (HT) ‘Jessica’ and heat-sensitive (HS) ‘Shamrock’, were used for differences analyses of transcriptome. We detected 6179 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and 5992 DEGs in ‘Jessica’ and ‘Shamrock’ to heat stress, respectively. Among these, 1983 upregulated DEGs and 1400 downregulated DEGs were shared between both varieties, resulting in enhancement of various pathways such as biosynthesis of secondary metabolites, glyoxylate dicarboxylate metabolism, and protein processing in endoplasmic reticulum…
  • More
  •   Views:175       Downloads:104        Download PDF
  • Selection and Verification of Reference Genes for qRT-PCR Analysis in Iris domestica under Drought
  • Abstract Iris domestica is a plant of the Iridaceae family and is drought-tolerant, but its drought-resistance mechanism is not yet clear. Analysing the gene expression changes of I. domestica by qRT-PCR is an important mean to understand its drought resistance characteristics. Nevertheless, a lack of reference genes greatly hinders investigation and research on the adaptation of I. domestica to drought at the molecular and genetic levels. In this study, we assessed the expression stability of 11 candidate gene in I. domestica under drought stress conditions and different tissues using geNorm, NormFinder, BestKeeper and RefFinder tools. The results showed that EF1β was…
  • More
  •   Views:122       Downloads:68        Download PDF
  • Enhancement of Ultrasonic Seed Treatment on Yield, Grain Quality Characters, and 2-Acetyl-1-Pyrroline Biosynthesis in Different Fragrant Rice Genotypes
  • Abstract Fragrant rice is popular for the good grain quality and special aroma. The present study conducted a field experiment to investigate the effects of ultrasonic seed treatment on grain yield, quality characters, physiological properties and aroma biosynthesis of different fragrant rice genotypes. The seeds of three fragrant rice genotypes were exposed to 1 min of ultrasonic vibration and then cultivated in paddy field. The results of present study showed that ultrasonic seed treatment increased grain yield of all fragrant rice genotypes but the responses of yield formation to ultrasonic were varied with different genotypes. Compared with control, ultrasonic seed treatment increased…
  • More
  •   Views:155       Downloads:85        Download PDF
  • Participation of Auxin Transport in the Early Response of the Arabidopsis Root System to Inoculation with Azospirillum brasilense
  • Abstract The potential of Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR) has been demonstrated in the case of plant inoculation with bacteria of the genus Azospirillum which improves yield. A. brasilense produces a wide variety of molecules, including the natural auxin indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), as well as other phytoregulators. However, several studies have suggested that auxin induces changes in plant development during their interaction with the bacteria. The effects of A. brasilense Sp245 on the development of Arabidopsis thaliana root were investigated to help explain the molecular basis of the interaction. The results obtained showed a decrease in primary root length from the…
  • More
  •   Views:171       Downloads:98        Download PDF
  • Transcriptome Profiling of Flower Development Reveals Key Genes Mediating Yellow Formation in Tree Peony
  • Abstract Tree peony cultivars with yellow flowers are rare and valuable, but the molecular mechanism of pigment accumulation is not clear. In this study, the petal transcriptome of three developmental stages were sequenced to determine the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) regulating yellow flowers color. The results showed that 10,842 and 12,022 DEGs were screened in stage 1 vs. stage 2 and in stage 2 vs. stage 3, respectively. Through analysis of flavonoid structural genes (FSGs), we found that the transcription level of DFR was very low in the three developmental stages. In a small group of cultivars, the DFR transcription level…
  • More
  •   Views:136       Downloads:76        Download PDF
  • Wheat Lysin-Motif-Containing Proteins Characterization and Gene Expression Patterns under Abiotic and Biotic Stress
  • Abstract Lysin motif (LysM)-containing proteins (LYPs) are important pattern recognition receptors in plants. However, the evolutionary history and characteristics of LYP genes remain largely unclear in wheat. In this study, 62 LYPs were identified at genome wide in wheat. Based on phylogenetic and domain analysis, wheat LYPs were classified into 6 subgroups (group LysMe, LysMn, LYP, LYK, LysMFbox). Syntenic analysis showed the evolution of LYP genes in wheat. RNA-seq data showed that 22 genes were not expressed at any tissue or stress stimulation period. Some LYP and LYK genes were tissue- or stage- specific. The majority of TaLYK5s, TaLYK6s, TaLYP2s and…
  • More
  •   Views:185       Downloads:136        Download PDF
  • Friction Coefficient Calibration of Sunflower Seeds for Discrete Element Modeling Simulation
  • Abstract

    Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) is one of the four major oil crops in the world and has high economic value. However, the lack of discrete element method (DEM) models and parameters for sunflower seeds hinders the application of DEM for computer simulation in the key working processes of sunflower seed sowing and harvesting. The present study was conducted on two varieties of sunflower, and the DEM model of sunflower seeds was established by using 3D scanning technology based on the distribution of triaxial dimensions and volumes of the geometric model of sunflower seeds. Similarly, the physical characteristics parameters of sunflower…

  • More
  •   Views:104       Downloads:65        Download PDF
  • Electrochemical Identification of Yulania spp. by Fingerprinting of Leaves Using Glassy Carbon Electrode
  • Abstract In this communication, we used electrochemical sensor for recording the electrochemical profiles of eleven species of Yulania spp. from leaf extract. Two solvents and two buffer conditions were used for electrochemical fingerprints collection. Their electrochemical fingerprints can be converted to different patterns and consequently for species recognition. The results indicate the pattern recognition is much convenient than that of the recognition of species directly using voltammetric signal. The current information in electrochemical fingerprinting represents the type and amount of electrochemically active molecules, which linked to the genetic differences among the plants. Therefore, the electrochemical fingerprints were applied for further phylogenetic…
  • More
  •   Views:114       Downloads:68        Download PDF
  • Genome-Wide Identification and Expression Profiling of the Shaker K+ Channel and HAK/KUP/KT Transporter Gene Families in Grape (Vitis vinifera L.)
  • Abstract Potassium (K+) is an essential macronutrient for plants to maintain normal growth and development. Shaker-like K+ channels and HAK/KUP/KT transporters are critical components in the K+ acquisition and translocation. In this study, we identified 9 Shaker-like K+ channel (VvK) and 18 HAK/KUP/KT transporter (VvKUP) genes in grape, which were renamed according to their distributions in the genome and relative linear orders among the distinct chromosomes. Similar structure organizations were found within each group according to the exon/intron structure and protein motif analysis. Chromosomal distribution analysis showed that 9 VvK genes and 18 VvKUP genes were unevenly distributed on 7 or…
  • More
  •   Views:116       Downloads:55        Download PDF
Displaying 1-10 on page 1 of 849. Per Page