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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Micromechanics-Based Elastic Fields of Closed-Cell Porous Media

    Lianhua Ma1, Qingsheng Yang2, *

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.114, No.2, pp. 239-259, 2018, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2018.114.239

    Abstract Fluid-filled closed-cell porous media could exhibit distinctive features which are influenced by initial fluid pressures inside the cavities. Based on the equivalent far-field method, micromechanics-based solutions for the local elastic fields of porous media saturated with pressurized fluid are formulated in this paper. In the present micromechanics model, three configurations are introduced to characterize the different state the closed-cell porous media. The fluid-filled cavity is assumed to be a compressible elastic solid with a zero shear modulus, and the pressures in closed pores are represented by eigenstrains introduced in fluid domains. With the assumption of… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Ensemble Based Hand Vein Pattern Authentication System

    M. Rajalakshmi*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.114, No.2, pp. 209-220, 2018, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2018.114.209

    Abstract Amongst several biometric traits, Vein pattern biometric has drawn much attention among researchers and diverse users. It gains its importance due to its difficulty in reproduction and inherent security advantages. Many research papers have dealt with the topic of new generation biometric solutions such as iris and vein biometrics. However, most implementations have been based on small datasets due to the difficulties in obtaining samples. In this paper, a deeper study has been conducted on previously suggested methods based on Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN) using a larger dataset. Also, modifications are suggested for implementation using More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Modeling and Simulation of Human Cornea for the Measurement of Intraocular Pressure (IOP) through Eyelid

    Mahesh B. Mawale1, Abhaykumar Kuthe2, Padma G. Pawane3, Sandeep W. Dahake2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.114, No.2, pp. 173-189, 2018, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2018.114.173

    Abstract This article describes a study based on the use of an instrumented form of applanation and indentation tonometry through eyelid. The methods and devices which are available for the measurement of intraocular pressure (IOP) have their own limitations. These cause discomfort to the patients during IOP measurement. Also these methods, used to measure IOP over cornea, need anesthesia. In the present work, an attempt is made to develop a device for the measurement of IOP through eyelid which eliminates the need of anesthesia and enhance the patient’s comfort and convenience of the clinician. To represent More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Automatic Delineation of Lung Parenchyma Based on Multilevel Thresholding and Gaussian Mixture Modelling

    S. Gopalakrishnan1, *, A. Kandaswamy2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.114, No.2, pp. 141-152, 2018, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2018.114.141

    Abstract Delineation of the lung parenchyma in the thoracic Computed Tomography (CT) is an important processing step for most of the pulmonary image analysis such as lung volume extraction, lung nodule detection and pulmonary vessel segmentation. An automatic method for accurate delineation of lung parenchyma in thoracic Computed Tomography images is presented in this paper. The proposed method involves a segmentation phase followed by a lung boundary correction technique. The tissues in the thoracic Computed Tomography can be represented by a number of Gaussians. We propose a histogram utilized Adaptive Multilevel Thresholding (AMT) for estimating the More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Novel Interacting Multiple-Model Method and Its Application to Moisture Content Prediction of ASP Flooding

    Shurong Li1,*, Yulei Ge2, Renlin Zang2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.114, No.1, pp. 95-116, 2018, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2018.114.095

    Abstract In this paper, an interacting multiple-model (IMM) method based on data-driven identification model is proposed for the prediction of nonlinear dynamic systems. Firstly, two basic models are selected as combination components due to their proved effectiveness. One is Gaussian process (GP) model, which can provide the predictive variance of the predicted output and only has several optimizing parameters. The other is regularized extreme learning machine (RELM) model, which can improve the over-fitting problem resulted by empirical risk minimization principle and enhances the overall generalization performance. Then both of the models are updated continually using meaningful… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Numerical Simulation of High Speed Rotating Waterjet Flow Field in a Semi Enclosed Vacuum Chamber

    Haojun Peng1,*, Ping Zhang2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.114, No.1, pp. 59-73, 2018, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2018.114.059

    Abstract In this paper, a three dimension model is built according to real surface cleaner in airport runway rubber mark cleaning vehicle and numerical simulation of this model is carried out using Ansys Fluent software. After comparison and analysis the flow field between high speed rotating waterjet and static waterjet formerly studied by other researchers, the influences of different standoff distance from nozzle outlet to runway surface and rotation speed on rubber mark cleaning effect is simulated and analyzed. Results show the optimal operation parameters for the simulated model and quantitative advices are given for design, More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Despeckling of Ultrasound Images Using Modified Local Statistics Mean Variance Filter

    Ranu Gupta1,3,*, Rahul Pachauri2,3, Ashutosh Singh1,4

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.114, No.1, pp. 19-32, 2018, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2018.114.019

    Abstract This article presents an improved method of despeckling the ultrasound medical images. In this paper a modified local statistics mean variance filter method has been proposed. In the proposed method, more consideration is given to local statistics since local statistical features are more important rather than global features.Various parameters like mean square error, peak signal to noise ratio, quality index, and structural similarity index measure are calculated to analyze the quality of the despeckled image. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Dynamic Analysis of Non-Symmetric Functionally Graded (FG) Cylindrical Structure under Shock Loading by Radial Shape Function Using Meshless Local Petrov-Galerkin (MLPG) Method with Nonlinear Grading Patterns

    Y. Sadeghi Ferezghi1, M.R. Sohrabi1, S.M Mosavi Nezhad 2, *

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.113, No.4, pp. 497-520, 2017, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2017.113.497

    Abstract In this paper, dynamic behavior of non-symmetric Functionally Graded (FG) cylindrical structure under shock loading is carried out. Dynamic equations in the polar coordinates are drawn out using Meshless Local Petrov-Galerkin (MLPG) method. Nonlinear volume fractions are used for radial direction to simulate the mechanical properties of Functionally Graded Material (FGM). To solve dynamic equations of non-symmetric FG cylindrical structure in the time domain, the MLPG method are combined with the Laplace transform method. For computing the inverse Laplace transform in the present paper, the Talbot algorithm for the numerical inversion is used. To verify… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Uncertainty Analysis Method of Casing Extrusion Load for Ultra-Deep Wells

    Meng Li1, Kanhua Su1, Zijian Li2, Dongjie Li3, Lifu Wan1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.113, No.4, pp. 475-495, 2017, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2017.113.475

    Abstract With the consideration of the randomness of complex geologic parameters for ultra-deep wells, an uncertainty analysis method is presented for the extrusion load on casing in ultra-deep wells through complex formation at a certain confidence level. Based on the extrusion load model for casing in ultra-deep wells and the prerequisite of integrity of formation-cement ring-casing, the probability and statistics theory is introduced and the sensitivity analysis on the uncertainty of extrusion load on casing is conducted. The distribution types of each formation parameters are determined statistically. The distribution type and distribution function of the extrusion… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Modeling and Analysis of Novel Multilevel Inverter Topology with Minimum Number of Switching Components

    V. Thiyagarajan1, P. Somasundaram2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.113, No.4, pp. 461-473, 2017, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2017.113.461

    Abstract This paper proposes a novel single phase symmetrical and asymmetrical type extendable multilevel inverter topology with minimum number of switches. The basic circuit of the proposed inverter topology consist of four dc voltage sources and 10 main switches which synthesize 9-level output voltage during symmetrical operation and 17-level output voltage during asymmetrical operation. The comparison between the proposed topology with conventional and other existing inverter topologies is presented in this paper. The advantages of the proposed inverter topology includes minimum switches, less harmonic distortion and minimum switching losses. The performance of the proposed multilevel inverter More >

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