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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A New and Simple Meshless LBIE-RBF Numerical Scheme in Linear Elasticity

    E.J. Sellountos1, D. Polyzos2, S.N. Atluri3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.89, No.6, pp. 513-551, 2012, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2012.089.513

    Abstract A new meshless Local Boundary Integral Equation (LBIE) method for solving two-dimensional elastostatic problems is proposed. Randomly distributed points without any connectivity requirement cover the analyzed domain and Local Radial Basis Functions (LRBFs) are employed for the meshless interpolation of displacements. For each point a circular support domain is centered and a local integral representation for displacements is considered. At the local circular boundaries tractions are eliminated with the aid of companion solution, while at the intersections between the local domains and the global boundary displacements and tractions are treated as independent variables avoiding thus derivatives of LRBFs. Stresses are… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    State Estimation of Unequipped Vehicles Utilizing Microscopic Traffic Model and Principle of Particle Filter

    Yonghua Zhou1, Xun Yang1, Chao Mi1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.89, No.6, pp. 497-512, 2012, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2012.089.497

    Abstract The movements of vehicles equipped with various positioning systems such as global and wireless positioning ones have provided beneficial channels to acquire abundant traffic flow information for total road network. However, not all vehicles are mounted with positioning systems and not all equipped positioning facilities are always active. This paper will address how to estimate the number and the states of unequipped vehicles through a series of observations on equipped ones. The proposed estimation process initiates employing the non-analytical microscopic traffic model for particle filter to estimate the number, positions and speeds of unequipped vehicles between an equipped one and… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Numerical Solution of Space-Time Fractional Convection-Diffusion Equations with Variable Coefficients Using Haar Wavelets

    Jinxia Wei1, Yiming Chen1, Baofeng Li2, Mingxu Yi1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.89, No.6, pp. 481-495, 2012, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2012.089.481

    Abstract In this paper, we present a computational method for solving a class of space-time fractional convection-diffusion equations with variable coefficients which is based on the Haar wavelets operational matrix of fractional order differentiation. Haar wavelets method is used because its computation is sample as it converts the original problem into Sylvester equation. Error analysis is given that shows efficiency of the method. Finally, a numerical example shows the implementation and accuracy of the approach. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Fatigue Crack Growth Study and Remaining Life Assessment of High Strength and Ultra High Strength Concrete Beams

    A. Ramachandra Murthy1, Nagesh R. Iyer1, B.K. Raghu Prasad2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.89, No.6, pp. 459-480, 2012, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2012.089.459

    Abstract This paper presents the details of crack growth study and remaining life assessment of concrete specimens made up of high strength concrete (HSC, HSC1) and ultra high strength concrete (UHSC). Flexural fatigue tests have been conducted on HSC, HSC1 and UHSC beams under constant amplitude loading with a stress ratio of 0.2. It is observed from the studies that (i) the failure patterns of HSC1 and UHSC beams indicate their ductility as the member was intact till the crack propagated up to 90% of the beam depth and (ii) the remaining life decreases with increase of notch depth (iii) the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    SGBEM (Using Non-hyper-singular Traction BIE), and Super Elements, for Non-Collinear Fatigue-growth Analyses of Cracks in Stiffened Panels with Composite-Patch Repairs

    Leiting Dong1,2, Satya N. Atluri2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.89, No.5, pp. 417-458, 2012, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2012.089.417

    Abstract Two-dimensional weakly-singular Symmetric Galerkin Boundary Elements (SGBEMs) are developed, following the work of [Han and Atluri (2003)], using non-hypersingular integral equations for tractions. Specifically, the present 2D SGBEM is used to compute the stress intensity factors for arbitrary-shaped line cracks, including embedded, edge, branching, and intersecting cracks. The computed stress intensity factors show high accuracy, even with very coarse meshes. The non-collinear mixed-mode fatigue growth analysis of cracks requires a very minimal effort¡ªsimply extending the cracks by adding an element to each crack tip, in the direction of the crack-growth as determined by a physics-based criterion. Moreover, by rearranging the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Nonlinear Elastic-Plastic Analysis of Composite Members of High-Strength Steel and Geopolymer Concrete

    Mark Andrew Bradford1, Yong-Lin Pi1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.89, No.5, pp. 389-416, 2012, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2012.089.389

    Abstract This paper is devoted to the development of a finite composite beam element for the nonlinear elastic-plastic analysis of composite high strength steel and geopolymer concrete members. For this, geometric nonlinearity is derived using a special orthogonal rotation matrix, so that scalar product of vectors is preserved during rotation from the initial configuration to a deformed configuration and rigid body movements are excluded from the finite strains. The material nonlinearities of the geopolymer concrete are based on constitutive models in association with its axial stress-strain relationship that is consistent with the experimental results. To consider the slip due to possible… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Faster Than Real Time Stochastic Fire Spread Simulations

    A.R.Ervilha1,2, F.A.Sousa1, J.M.C.Pereira1, J.C.F.Pereira1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.89, No.5, pp. 361-387, 2012, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2012.089.361

    Abstract Faster than real time stochastic fire spread predictions are reported using a Non-Intrusive Spectral Projection (NISP) method based on Polynomial Chaos expansion and Graphic Processing Units (GPUs). The fireLib BEHAVE model together with a raster surface fire growth algorithm was implemented using the Compute Unified Device Architecture (CUDA) programming language. The uncertainty generated by the four random variables considered (wind speed, wind direction, fuel moisture, and fuel load) is quantified in the stochastic solution. Stochastic simulation of an idealized vegetation fire in a realistic complex terrain is obtained with speed-ups as high as 176 when compared to Central Processing Unit… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    RBF-Based Multiscale Control Volume Method for Second Order Elliptic Problems with Oscillatory Coefficients

    D.-A. An-Vo1, C.-D. Tran1, N. Mai-Duy1, T. Tran-Cong1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.89, No.4, pp. 303-359, 2012, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2012.089.303

    Abstract Many important engineering problems have multiple-scale solutions. Thermal conductivity of composite materials, flow in porous media, and turbulent transport in high Reynolds number flows are examples of this type. Direct numerical simulations for these problems typically require extremely large amounts of CPU time and computer memory, which may be too expensive or impossible on the present supercomputers. In this paper, we develop a high order computational method, based on multiscale basis function approach and integrated radialbasis- function (IRBF) approximant, for the solution of multiscale elliptic problems with reduced computational cost. Unlike other methods based on multiscale basis function approach, sets… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Numerical Modelling of Turbulence Effects on Droplet Collision Dynamics using the Level Set Method

    Ashraf Balabel1,

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.89, No.4, pp. 283-301, 2012, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2012.089.283

    Abstract This paper presents a novel numerical method for solving the twophase flow problems with moving interfaces in either laminar or turbulent flow regimes. The developed numerical method is based on the solution of the Reynolds- Averaged Navier Stokes equations in both phases separately with appropriate boundary conditions located at the interface separating the two fluids. The solution algorithm is performed on a regular and structured two-dimensional computational grid using the control volume approach. The complex shapes as well as the geometrical quantities of the interface are determined via the level set method. The numerical method is firstly validated against the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Sound Power Radiation Sensitivity and Variability Using a 'Hybrid' Numerical Model

    Max de Castro Magalhaes1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.89, No.4, pp. 263-281, 2012, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2012.089.263

    Abstract The main objective is to develop a 'hybrid' numerical method for predicting sound power radiated from honey-comb panels and analyze the sensitivity and variability of it to different boundary conditions. The honey-comb panels are mainly used on the aerospace, mechanical and civil engineering design. The method used herein is a combination of the Finite Element Method and the Jinc Function Approach. The original contribution of this paper is therefore to show the sensitivity of sound power radiated from a honey-comb panel using a 'hybrid' method which is simple and efficient on tackling sound radiation problems for complex orthotropic panels, especially… More >

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