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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Multilevel Attention Unet Segmentation Algorithm for Lung Cancer Based on CT Images

    Huan Wang1, Shi Qiu1,2,*, Benyue Zhang1, Lixuan Xiao3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.2, pp. 1569-1589, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.046821

    Abstract Lung cancer is a malady of the lungs that gravely jeopardizes human health. Therefore, early detection and treatment are paramount for the preservation of human life. Lung computed tomography (CT) image sequences can explicitly delineate the pathological condition of the lungs. To meet the imperative for accurate diagnosis by physicians, expeditious segmentation of the region harboring lung cancer is of utmost significance. We utilize computer-aided methods to emulate the diagnostic process in which physicians concentrate on lung cancer in a sequential manner, erect an interpretable model, and attain segmentation of lung cancer. The specific advancements can be encapsulated as follows:… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Post-Quantum Cross-Domain Authentication Scheme Based on Multi-Chain Architecture

    Yi-Bo Cao1,*, Xiu-Bo Chen1, Yun-Feng He2, Lu-Xi Liu2, Yin-Mei Che2, Xiao Wang2, Ke Xiao3, Gang Xu3, Si-Yi Chen1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.2, pp. 2813-2827, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.046816

    Abstract Due to the rapid advancements in network technology, blockchain is being employed for distributed data storage. In the Internet of Things (IoT) scenario, different participants manage multiple blockchains located in different trust domains, which has resulted in the extensive development of cross-domain authentication techniques. However, the emergence of many attackers equipped with quantum computers has the potential to launch quantum computing attacks against cross-domain authentication schemes based on traditional cryptography, posing a significant security threat. In response to the aforementioned challenges, our paper demonstrates a post-quantum cross-domain identity authentication scheme to negotiate the session key used in the cross-chain asset… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Detection Algorithm of Laboratory Personnel Irregularities Based on Improved YOLOv7

    Yongliang Yang, Linghua Xu*, Maolin Luo, Xiao Wang, Min Cao

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.2, pp. 2741-2765, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.046768

    Abstract Due to the complex environment of the university laboratory, personnel flow intensive, personnel irregular behavior is easy to cause security risks. Monitoring using mainstream detection algorithms suffers from low detection accuracy and slow speed. Therefore, the current management of personnel behavior mainly relies on institutional constraints, education and training, on-site supervision, etc., which is time-consuming and ineffective. Given the above situation, this paper proposes an improved You Only Look Once version 7 (YOLOv7) to achieve the purpose of quickly detecting irregular behaviors of laboratory personnel while ensuring high detection accuracy. First, to better capture the shape features of the target,… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Personality Trait Detection via Transfer Learning

    Bashar Alshouha1, Jesus Serrano-Guerrero1,*, Francisco Chiclana2, Francisco P. Romero1, Jose A. Olivas1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.2, pp. 1933-1956, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.046711

    Abstract Personality recognition plays a pivotal role when developing user-centric solutions such as recommender systems or decision support systems across various domains, including education, e-commerce, or human resources. Traditional machine learning techniques have been broadly employed for personality trait identification; nevertheless, the development of new technologies based on deep learning has led to new opportunities to improve their performance. This study focuses on the capabilities of pre-trained language models such as BERT, RoBERTa, ALBERT, ELECTRA, ERNIE, or XLNet, to deal with the task of personality recognition. These models are able to capture structural features from textual content and comprehend a multitude… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Energy Trading Method Based on Alliance Blockchain and Multi-Signature

    Hongliang Tian, Jiaming Wang*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.2, pp. 1611-1629, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.046698

    Abstract Blockchain, known for its secure encrypted ledger, has garnered attention in financial and data transfer realms, including the field of energy trading. However, the decentralized nature and identity anonymity of user nodes raise uncertainties in energy transactions. The broadcast consensus authentication slows transaction speeds, and frequent single-point transactions in multi-node settings pose key exposure risks without protective measures during user signing. To address these, an alliance blockchain scheme is proposed, reducing the resource-intensive identity verification among nodes. It integrates multi-signature functionality to fortify user resources and transaction security. A novel multi-signature process within this framework involves neutral nodes established through… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Exploring Sequential Feature Selection in Deep Bi-LSTM Models for Speech Emotion Recognition

    Fatma Harby1, Mansor Alohali2, Adel Thaljaoui2,3,*, Amira Samy Talaat4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.2, pp. 2689-2719, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.046623

    Abstract Machine Learning (ML) algorithms play a pivotal role in Speech Emotion Recognition (SER), although they encounter a formidable obstacle in accurately discerning a speaker’s emotional state. The examination of the emotional states of speakers holds significant importance in a range of real-time applications, including but not limited to virtual reality, human-robot interaction, emergency centers, and human behavior assessment. Accurately identifying emotions in the SER process relies on extracting relevant information from audio inputs. Previous studies on SER have predominantly utilized short-time characteristics such as Mel Frequency Cepstral Coefficients (MFCCs) due to their ability to capture the periodic nature of audio… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Binary Program Vulnerability Mining Based on Neural Network

    Zhenhui Li1, Shuangping Xing1, Lin Yu1, Huiping Li1, Fan Zhou1, Guangqiang Yin1, Xikai Tang2, Zhiguo Wang1,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.2, pp. 1861-1879, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.046595

    Abstract Software security analysts typically only have access to the executable program and cannot directly access the source code of the program. This poses significant challenges to security analysis. While it is crucial to identify vulnerabilities in such non-source code programs, there exists a limited set of generalized tools due to the low versatility of current vulnerability mining methods. However, these tools suffer from some shortcomings. In terms of targeted fuzzing, the path searching for target points is not streamlined enough, and the completely random testing leads to an excessively large search space. Additionally, when it comes to code similarity analysis,… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Dynamic Routing of Multiple QoS-Required Flows in Cloud-Edge Autonomous Multi-Domain Data Center Networks

    Shiyan Zhang1,*, Ruohan Xu2, Zhangbo Xu3, Cenhua Yu1, Yuyang Jiang1, Yuting Zhao4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.2, pp. 2287-2308, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.046550

    Abstract The 6th generation mobile networks (6G) network is a kind of multi-network interconnection and multi-scenario coexistence network, where multiple network domains break the original fixed boundaries to form connections and convergence. In this paper, with the optimization objective of maximizing network utility while ensuring flows performance-centric weighted fairness, this paper designs a reinforcement learning-based cloud-edge autonomous multi-domain data center network architecture that achieves single-domain autonomy and multi-domain collaboration. Due to the conflict between the utility of different flows, the bandwidth fairness allocation problem for various types of flows is formulated by considering different defined reward functions. Regarding the tradeoff between… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Strengthening Network Security: Deep Learning Models for Intrusion Detection with Optimized Feature Subset and Effective Imbalance Handling

    Bayi Xu1, Lei Sun2,*, Xiuqing Mao2, Chengwei Liu3, Zhiyi Ding2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.2, pp. 1995-2022, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.046478

    Abstract In recent years, frequent network attacks have highlighted the importance of efficient detection methods for ensuring cyberspace security. This paper presents a novel intrusion detection system consisting of a data preprocessing stage and a deep learning model for accurately identifying network attacks. We have proposed four deep neural network models, which are constructed using architectures such as Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN), Bi-directional Long Short-Term Memory (BiLSTM), Bidirectional Gate Recurrent Unit (BiGRU), and Attention mechanism. These models have been evaluated for their detection performance on the NSL-KDD dataset.To enhance the compatibility between the data and the models, we apply various preprocessing… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Method for Detecting and Recognizing Yi Character Based on Deep Learning

    Haipeng Sun1,2, Xueyan Ding1,2,*, Jian Sun1,2, Hua Yu3, Jianxin Zhang1,2,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.2, pp. 2721-2739, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.046449

    Abstract Aiming at the challenges associated with the absence of a labeled dataset for Yi characters and the complexity of Yi character detection and recognition, we present a deep learning-based approach for Yi character detection and recognition. In the detection stage, an improved Differentiable Binarization Network (DBNet) framework is introduced to detect Yi characters, in which the Omni-dimensional Dynamic Convolution (ODConv) is combined with the ResNet-18 feature extraction module to obtain multi-dimensional complementary features, thereby improving the accuracy of Yi character detection. Then, the feature pyramid network fusion module is used to further extract Yi character image features, improving target recognition… More >

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