Open Access iconOpen Access



Emerging Trends in Damage Tolerance Assessment: A Review of Smart Materials and Self-Repairable Structures

Ali Akbar Firoozi1,*, Ali Asghar Firoozi2

1 Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering & Technology, University of Botswana, Gaborone, UB0061, Botswana
2 Department of Civil Engineering, University Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), Bangi, 43600, Malaysia

* Corresponding Author: Ali Akbar Firoozi. Email: email

(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Health Monitoring and Rapid Evaluation of Infrastructures)

Structural Durability & Health Monitoring 2024, 18(1), 1-18.


The discipline of damage tolerance assessment has experienced significant advancements due to the emergence of smart materials and self-repairable structures. This review offers a comprehensive look into both traditional and innovative methodologies employed in damage tolerance assessment. After a detailed exploration of damage tolerance concepts and their historical progression, the review juxtaposes the proven techniques of damage assessment with the cutting-edge innovations brought about by smart materials and self-repairable structures. The subsequent sections delve into the synergistic integration of smart materials with self-repairable structures, marking a pivotal stride in damage tolerance by establishing an autonomous system for immediate damage identification and self-repair. This holistic approach broadens the applicability of these technologies across diverse sectors yet brings forth unique challenges demanding further innovation and research. Additionally, the review examines future prospects that combine advanced manufacturing processes with data-centric methodologies, amplifying the capabilities of these ‘intelligent’ structures. The review culminates by highlighting the transformative potential of this union between smart materials and self-repairable structures, promoting a sustainable and efficient engineering paradigm.


Cite This Article

Firoozi, A. A., Firoozi, A. A. (2024). Emerging Trends in Damage Tolerance Assessment: A Review of Smart Materials and Self-Repairable Structures. Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, 18(1), 1–18.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 463


  • 252


  • 0


Share Link