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Structural System Identification Using Quantum behaved Particle Swarm Optimisation Algorithm

A. Rama Mohan Rao1, K. Lakshmi1, Karthik Ganesan2
CSIR-Structural Engineering Research Centre, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Taramani, Chennai, India. - 600 113.
  Email: arm2956@yahoo.com; arm@serc.res.in
Graduate Student Virginia Polytechnique Institute, USA.

Structural Durability & Health Monitoring 2013, 9(2), 99-128. https://doi.org/10.32604/sdhm.2013.009.099

Abstract

Development of efficient system identification techniques is highly relevant for large civil infrastructure for effective health monitoring, damage detection and vibration control. This paper presents a system identification scheme in time domain to estimate stiffness and damping parameters of structures using measured acceleration. Instead of solving the system identification problem as an inverse problem, we formulate it as an optimisation problem. Particle swarm optimisation (PSO) and its other variants has been a subject of research for the past few decades for solving complex optimisation problems. In this paper, a dynamic quantum behaved particle swarm optimisation algorithm (DQPSO) is proposed for the solution of the complex nonlinear optimisation problem associated with the system identification. If the uniqueness of the parametric solution is guaranteed for the assumed model, this heuristic method allows finding a solution without incurring restrictions of other classical optimisation methods, like the need for reliable initial estimates and convergence to local optima. In order to solve large size problems, we propose to use reduced order models. Proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) is used for the model reduction instead of traditional modal analysis. The validity of the proposed method is demonstrated by a numerical simulation study on a simply supported beam, 50 storey shear building model and a truss bridge. The robustness of the proposed system identification technique is investigated using a noise sensitivity study.

Keywords

Structural system identification, proper orthogonal decomposition, meta-heuristic algorithm, Quantum particle swarm optimisation, measurement noise.

Cite This Article

Rama, A., Lakshmi, K., Ganesan, K. (2013). Structural System Identification Using Quantum behaved Particle Swarm Optimisation Algorithm. Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, 9(2), 99–128.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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