Open AccessOpen Access


Blockchain-Enabled Cybersecurity Provision for Scalable Heterogeneous Network: A Comprehensive Survey

Md. Shohidul Islam1,*, Md. Arafatur Rahman2, Mohamed Ariff Bin Ameedeen1, Husnul Ajra1, Zahian Binti Ismail1, Jasni Mohamad Zain3

1 Faculty of Computing, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Kuantan, 26600, Malaysia
2 School of Engineering, Computing & Mathematical Sciences, University of Wolverhampton, Wolverhampton, UK
3 Institute for Big Data Analytics and Artificial Intelligence (IBDAAI), Komplek Al-Khawarizmi, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam, Selangor, 40450, Malaysia

* Corresponding Author: Md. Shohidul Islam. Email:

Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences 2024, 138(1), 43-123.


Blockchain-enabled cybersecurity system to ensure and strengthen decentralized digital transaction is gradually gaining popularity in the digital era for various areas like finance, transportation, healthcare, education, and supply chain management. Blockchain interactions in the heterogeneous network have fascinated more attention due to the authentication of their digital application exchanges. However, the exponential development of storage space capabilities across the blockchain-based heterogeneous network has become an important issue in preventing blockchain distribution and the extension of blockchain nodes. There is the biggest challenge of data integrity and scalability, including significant computing complexity and inapplicable latency on regional network diversity, operating system diversity, bandwidth diversity, node diversity, etc., for decision-making of data transactions across blockchain-based heterogeneous networks. Data security and privacy have also become the main concerns across the heterogeneous network to build smart IoT ecosystems. To address these issues, today’s researchers have explored the potential solutions of the capability of heterogeneous network devices to perform data transactions where the system stimulates their integration reliably and securely with blockchain. The key goal of this paper is to conduct a state-of-the-art and comprehensive survey on cybersecurity enhancement using blockchain in the heterogeneous network. This paper proposes a full-fledged taxonomy to identify the main obstacles, research gaps, future research directions, effective solutions, and most relevant blockchain-enabled cybersecurity systems. In addition, Blockchain based heterogeneous network framework with cybersecurity is proposed in this paper to meet the goal of maintaining optimal performance data transactions among organizations. Overall, this paper provides an in-depth description based on the critical analysis to overcome the existing work gaps for future research where it presents a potential cybersecurity design with key requirements of blockchain across a heterogeneous network.

Graphical Abstract

Blockchain-Enabled Cybersecurity Provision for Scalable Heterogeneous Network: A Comprehensive Survey


Cite This Article

Islam, M. S., Rahman, M. A., Ariff, M., Ajra, H., Ismail, Z. B. et al. (2024). Blockchain-Enabled Cybersecurity Provision for Scalable Heterogeneous Network: A Comprehensive Survey. CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, 138(1), 43–123.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 418


  • 96


  • 3


Share Link