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Multi-Objective Optimization of Aluminum Alloy Electric Bus Frame Connectors for Enhanced Durability

Wenjun Zhou1,2, Mingzhi Yang1, Qian Peng2, Yong Peng1,*, Kui Wang1, Qiang Xiao1

1 Key Laboratory of Traffic Safety on Track, Ministry of Education, School of Traffic & Transportation Engineering, Central South University, Changsha, 410018, China
2 School of Mechanical and Automotive Engineering, Xiamen University of Technology, Xiamen, 361024, China

* Corresponding Author: Yong Peng. Email: email

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: Structural Design and Optimization)

Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences 2024, 140(1), 735-755.


The widespread adoption of aluminum alloy electric buses, known for their energy efficiency and eco-friendliness, faces a challenge due to the aluminum frame’s susceptibility to deformation compared to steel. This issue is further exacerbated by the stringent requirements imposed by the flammability and explosiveness of batteries, necessitating robust frame protection. Our study aims to optimize the connectors of aluminum alloy bus frames, emphasizing durability, energy efficiency, and safety. This research delves into Multi-Objective Coordinated Optimization (MCO) techniques for lightweight design in aluminum alloy bus body connectors. Our goal is to enhance lightweighting, reinforce energy absorption, and improve deformation resistance in connector components. Three typical aluminum alloy connectors were selected and a design optimization platform was built for their MCO using a variety of software and methods. Firstly, through three-point bending experiments and finite element analysis on three types of connector components, we identified optimized design parameters based on deformation patterns. Then, employing Optimal Latin hypercube design (OLHD), parametric modeling, and neural network approximation, we developed high-precision approximate models for the design parameters of each connector component, targeting energy absorption, mass, and logarithmic strain. Lastly, utilizing the Archive-based Micro Genetic Algorithm (AMGA), Multi-Objective Particle Swarm Optimization (MOPSO), and Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm (NSGA2), we explored optimized design solutions for these joint components. Subsequently, we simulated joint assembly buckling during bus rollover crash scenarios to verify and analyze the optimized solutions in three-point bending simulations. Each joint component showcased a remarkable 30%–40% mass reduction while boosting energy absorption. Our design optimization method exhibits high efficiency and cost-effectiveness. Leveraging contemporary automation technology, the design optimization platform developed in this study is poised to facilitate intelligent optimization of lightweight metal components in future applications.


Cite This Article

APA Style
Zhou, W., Yang, M., Peng, Q., Peng, Y., Wang, K. et al. (2024). Multi-objective optimization of aluminum alloy electric bus frame connectors for enhanced durability. Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, 140(1), 735-755.
Vancouver Style
Zhou W, Yang M, Peng Q, Peng Y, Wang K, Xiao Q. Multi-objective optimization of aluminum alloy electric bus frame connectors for enhanced durability. Comput Model Eng Sci. 2024;140(1):735-755
IEEE Style
W. Zhou, M. Yang, Q. Peng, Y. Peng, K. Wang, and Q. Xiao "Multi-Objective Optimization of Aluminum Alloy Electric Bus Frame Connectors for Enhanced Durability," Comput. Model. Eng. Sci., vol. 140, no. 1, pp. 735-755. 2024.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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