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Investigating the Relationships among Leisure, Coping, and Personal Growth among People with Physical Disabilities

Junhyoung Kim1,*, Jaehyun Kim2, Chungsup Lee3, Namyun Kil4, Youngkhill Lee5

1 Department of Health & Wellness Design, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA
2 Department of Recreation, Therapeutic Recreation, & Tourism, Suny Brockport, Brockport, NY 14420, USA
3 Department of Recreation and Leisure Studies, California State University, Long Beach, CA 90840, USA
4 Department of Recreation Management and Therapeutic Recreation, University of Wisconsin-La Crosse, La Crosse, WI 54601, USA
5 Department of Kinesiology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, MI 49546, USA

* Corresponding Author: Junhyoung Kim. Email: email

International Journal of Mental Health Promotion 2021, 23(4), 533-543.


Little information exists with regard to the relationship between leisure and coping mechanisms among people with physical disabilities. The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationships among leisure, coping, and personal growth among people with physical disabilities living in the U.S. Using a purposive sampling strategy, 121 participants completed all 3 instruments: assessment of leisure and recreation involvement, coping strategy indicator, and personal growth. Frequency, descriptive analysis, Pearson correlations, and path analysis were utilized to test the relationship between leisure involvement, coping strategies, and personal growth. There were statistically significant direct effects of leisure involvement and avoidance-withdrawal coping strategies on personal growth. The effects of social support seeking coping strategies and problem-solving coping strategies on personal growth were not statistically significant. Results also indicated that leisure involvement had significant direct effects on social support seeking, avoidance-withdrawal, and problem-solving coping strategies. The results demonstrated that leisure engagement was associated with coping strategies and personal growth. In particular, leisure engagement had direct effects on problem-solving coping, social seeking coping, and avoidance/withdrawal coping as well as a direct effect on personal growth.


Cite This Article

Kim, J., Kim, J., Lee, C., Kil, N., Lee, Y. (2021). Investigating the Relationships among Leisure, Coping, and Personal Growth among People with Physical Disabilities. International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, 23(4), 533–543.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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