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Validation of the Chinese Version of the Affective Exercise Experiences Questionnaire (AFFEXX-C)

Ting Wang1, Boris Cheval2,3, Silvio Maltagliati4, Zachary Zenko5, Fabian Herold6, Sebastian Ludyga7, Markus Gerber7, Yan Luo8, Layan Fessler4, Notger G. Müller6, Liye Zou1,*

1 Body-Brain-Mind Laboratory, School of Psychology, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen, 518060, China
2 Swiss Center for Affective Sciences, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
3 Department of Psychology, Laboratory for the Study of Emotion Elicitation and Expression (E3Lab), University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
4 University Grenoble Alpes, SENS, Grenoble, F-38000, France
5 Department of Kinesiology, California State University Bakersfield, Bakersfield, CA, USA
6 Research Group Degenerative and Chronic Diseases, Movement, Faculty of Health Sciences Brandenburg, University of Potsdam, Potsdam, Germany
7 Department of Sport, Exercise & Health, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
8 Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, IL, 61801, USA

* Corresponding Author: Liye Zou. Email: email

International Journal of Mental Health Promotion 2023, 25(7), 799-812.


Despite the well-established benefits of regular physical activity (PA) on health, a large proportion of the world population does not achieve the recommended level of regular PA. Although affective experiences toward PA may play a key role to foster a sustained engagement in PA, they have been largely overlooked and crudely measured in the existing studies. To address this shortcoming, the Affective Exercise Experiences (AFFEXX) questionnaire has been developed to measure such experiences. Specifically, this questionnaire was developped to assess the following three domains: antecedent appraisals (e.g., liking vs. disliking exercise in groups), core affective exercise experiences (i.e., pleasure vs. displeasure, energy vs. tiredness, and calmness vs. tension), and exercise motivation (i.e., attraction vs. antipathy toward exercise). The current study aimed to validate a Chinese version of the AFFEXX questionnaire (AFFEXX-C). In study 1, 722 Chinese college students provided data for analyses of factorial, convergent, discriminant, criterion validity, and testretest reliability of the AFFEXX-C. In addition, 1,300 college students were recruited in study 2 to further validate its structural model. Results showed that the AFFEXX-C demonstrates a good fit and reliability. Additionally, results further supported the hypothesized model based on previous research: antecedent appraisals predicted core affective exercise experiences, which in turn predicted attraction-antipathy toward physical exercise. The AFFEXX-C was found to be a reliable and valid measure of affective exercise experiences in a population of Chinese college students.


Cite This Article

Wang, T., Cheval, B., Maltagliati, S., Zenko, Z., Herold, F. et al. (2023). Validation of the Chinese Version of the Affective Exercise Experiences Questionnaire (AFFEXX-C). International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, 25(7), 799–812.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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