Open Access iconOpen Access



Phishing Attacks in Social Engineering: A Review

Kofi Sarpong Adu-Manu*, Richard Kwasi Ahiable, Justice Kwame Appati, Ebenezer Essel Mensah

Department of Computer Science, University of Ghana, Legon Accra, Ghana

* Corresponding Author: Kofi Sarpong Adu-Manu. Email: email

Journal of Cyber Security 2022, 4(4), 239-267.


Organisations closed their offices and began working from home online to prevent the spread of the COVID-19 virus. This shift in work culture coincided with increased online use during the same period. As a result, the rate of cybercrime has skyrocketed. This study examines the approaches, techniques, and countermeasures of Social Engineering and phishing in this context. The study discusses recent trends in the existing approaches for identifying phishing assaults. We explore social engineering attacks, categorise them into types, and offer both technical and social solutions for countering phishing attacks which makes this paper different from similar works that mainly focused on the types of attacks. We also show essential human characteristics that make users vulnerable to phishing attacks, their mitigating strategies, challenges, and future directions.


Cite This Article

K. S. Adu-Manu, R. K. Ahiable, J. K. Appati and E. E. Mensah, "Phishing attacks in social engineering: a review," Journal of Cyber Security, vol. 4, no.4, pp. 239–267, 2022.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 523


  • 298


  • 0


Share Link