94 kDa) were the most abundant. Pomacea patula catemacensis showed a band of 93 kDa, which was absent from all specimens of P. flagellata. Samples of P. flagellata did not cluster according to any geographical pattern in the statistical analyses, nor did they show any taxonomically useful differences in their electrophoretic patterns that merit sub-specific discrimination." /> 94 kDa) were the most abundant. Pomacea patula catemacensis showed a band of 93 kDa, which was absent from all specimens of P. flagellata. Samples of P. flagellata did not cluster according to any geographical pattern in the statistical analyses, nor did they show any taxonomically useful differences in their electrophoretic patterns that merit sub-specific discrimination."/> 94 kDa) were the most abundant. Pomacea patula catemacensis showed a band of 93 kDa, which was absent from all specimens of P. flagellata. Samples of P. flagellata did not cluster according to any geographical pattern in the statistical analyses, nor did they show any taxonomically useful differences in their electrophoretic patterns that merit sub-specific discrimination."/>
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Karyological and electrophoretic differences between Pomacea flagellata and P. patula catemacensis (Caenogastropoda: Ampullariidae)

MARÍA ESTHER DIUPOTEX-CHONG*, NÉSTOR J. CAZZANIGA**, MANUEL URIBE-ALCOCER*
* Instituto de Ciencias del Mar y Limnología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Circuito Exterior, Ciudad Universitaria, Coyoacán 04510. México, D.F.
** Departamento de Biología, Bioquímica y Farmacia, Universidad Nacional del Sur. San Juan 670, 8000 Bahía Blanca. Argentina.
Address correspondence to: Dra. María Esther Diupotex-Chong. Instituto de Ciencias del Mar y Limnología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Circuito Exterior, Ciudad Universitaria, Coyoacán 04510, MEXICO, D.F. E-mail: medc@mar.icmyl.unam.mx

BIOCELL 2007, 31(3), 365-373. https://doi.org/10.32604/biocell.2007.31.365

Abstract

The widespread Mexican apple snail Pomacea flagellata (Say 1827) and the strictly endemic "tegogolo" P. patula catemacensis (Baker 1922) (restricted to Lake Catemaco), are the only known American Ampullariidae that have haploid complements n=13. Pomacea patula catemacensis has suffered a critical reduction in abundance due to immoderate fishing for human consumption. Chromosome slides were obtained from colchicine-injected Pomacea snails collected from nine locations along the coastal zone of the Gulf of Mexico, including Lake Catemaco, for use in principal component analysis (PCA). Total proteins in foot homogenates were analyzed through isoelectric focusing (IEF) and native-PAGE electrophoresis on polyacrylamide gels. The chromosome number 2n=26 was confirmed for snails from all locations, with a uniform 9 m + 4 sm formula. However, P. patula catemacensis showed significantly larger chromosomes (absolute size) than any population of P. flagellata. Pomacea patula catemacensis also differed from all populations of P. flagellata in a PCA with standardized data, i.e., independently of the absolute size difference between species. Proteins with an acid isoelectric point were dominant in the foot of both species. The electrophoresis analysis showed that P. flagellata has 17 protein bands, with an upper bound at IEF=7.6, while P. patula catemacensis has only 15 bands, with an upper bound at IEF=7 and a more evenly spaced band pattern. Molecular weights ranged from 40 to approximately 130 kDa in both species. Proteins with high values (>94 kDa) were the most abundant. Pomacea patula catemacensis showed a band of 93 kDa, which was absent from all specimens of P. flagellata. Samples of P. flagellata did not cluster according to any geographical pattern in the statistical analyses, nor did they show any taxonomically useful differences in their electrophoretic patterns that merit sub-specific discrimination.

Keywords

Apple snails, endangered species, isoelectric focusing, karyotype, Mexico, Native-PAGE electrophoresis.

Cite This Article

DIUPOTEX-CHONG, M. E., CAZZANIGA, N. J., URIBE-ALCOCER, M. (2007). Karyological and electrophoretic differences between Pomacea flagellata and P. patula catemacensis (Caenogastropoda: Ampullariidae). BIOCELL, 31(3), 365–373.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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