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Upregulation of Zip14 correlates with induction of endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) in hypertrophied hearts of Dahl salt-sensitive rats

JINYONG HUANG1, TIANMING TENG1, BO BIAN1, YUCHEN XUE1, LONGFEI HUANG1, ZHELONG XU2, QING YANG1,*, YUEMIN SUN1,*

1 Department of Cardiology, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, Tianjin, 300052, China
2 Department of Physiology & Pathophysiology, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, 300070, China

* Corresponding Authors:YUEMIN SUN. Email: email; QING YANG. Email: email

BIOCELL 2022, 46(3), 667-675. https://doi.org/10.32604/biocell.2021.015917

Abstract

Zinc is a trace element involved in maintaining cellular structure and function. Although zinc is associated with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), there have been few reports on this association. This study aimed to evaluate the correlation between Zip14 and expression of endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) associated molecules in hypertrophied hearts of rats. Dahl salt-sensitive rats were fed a high salt diet to establish a left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) rat model. RT-PCR was used to determine Zip14, activating transcription factor (ATF4), ATF6, x-box-binding protein 1 (xBP1), C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP), immunoglobulin-binding protein (BiP) mRNA expression. Western blotting was used to evaluate Zip14, BiP, CHOP, GAPDH expression. Zinc levels were measured by Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectroscopy. The results indicated that compared with the Control group, Zip14 mRNA and protein expression in LVH rat hearts were markedly increased (P < 0.01). Zinc content in rat heart tissue was significantly increased in the LVH group compared with the Control group (P < 0.05). ATF4, ATF6, xBP1 mRNA expressions were increased in LVH rat hearts compared with Control hearts (P < 0.001). Compared with the Control group, CHOP and BiP mRNA and protein expression were markedly increased in LVH rat hearts (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). Linear regression models showed that Zip14 mRNA expressions were positively correlated with zinc concentration, ATF4 and ATF6 mRNA expressions in Control hearts (P = 0.0005, P = 0.0052, P = 0.0026, respectively) and LVH rat hearts (P < 0.0001, P = 0.0119, P = 0.0033, respectively). In conclusion, upregulation of Zip14 in LVH rat hearts correlated with zinc accumulation and induction of ERS.

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Huang, J., Teng, T., Bian, B., Xue, Y., Huang, L. et al. (2022). Upregulation of Zip14 correlates with induction of endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) in hypertrophied hearts of Dahl saltsensitive rats. BIOCELL, 46(3), 667–675.



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