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ISG15 and ISGylation: Emergence in the cytoskeleton dynamic and tumor microenvironment

ANGELES C. TECALCO-CRUZ*
Posgrado en Ciencias Genómicas, Universidad Autónoma de la Ciudad de México (UACM), Ciudad de México, 03300, México
* Address correspondence to: Angeles C. Tecalco-Cruz,
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Tumor Microenvironment and Cytoskeletal Dynamics)

BIOCELL 2022, 46(5), 1209-1213. https://doi.org/10.32604/biocell.2022.018136

Received 30 June 2021; Accepted 09 August 2021; Issue published 06 January 2022

Abstract

Cytoskeletal remodeling affects the shape, adhesion, and motility of cells. Cytoskeletal dynamics are modulated by matrix proteins, integrins, and several cytokines in the tumor microenvironment. In this scenario, signaling is activated by integrins and interferons, which can induce ISG15 gene expression. This gene encodes a ubiquitin-like protein that functions as a protein modifier via the ISGylation system. Furthermore, non-conjugated ISG15 acts as a cytokine-like protein. In this viewpoint, the interplay between free ISG15, protein ISGylation, and cytoskeletal dynamics in the tumor microenvironment is discussed.

Keywords

Tumor microenvironment; ISG15; ISGylation; Cytoskeleton dyn

Cite This Article

TECALCO-CRUZ, A. C. (2022). ISG15 and ISGylation: Emergence in the cytoskeleton dynamic and tumor microenvironment. BIOCELL, 46(5), 1209–1213.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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