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The microRNA pathway activation in insect cell model upon Autographa californica multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus infection


1 Key Laboratory of Chemical Biology and Molecular Engineering of Ministry of Education, Institute of Biotechnology, Shanxi University, Taiyuan, 030006, China
2 Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Fenyang College, Shanxi Medical University, Fenyang, 032200, China

* Corresponding Author: YUEJUN FU. Email: email

BIOCELL 2023, 47(3), 627-645.


Background: The immune system of insects exerts fundamentally different antiviral mechanisms than mammals. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play vital roles in developing insect antiviral immunity. MiRNAs expression profiles of insects changed significantly during baculovirus infection. Methods: Differential expression profiles of miRNAs in Spodoptera frugiperda were monitored by next-generation sequencing (NGS) and RT-qPCR during Autographa californica multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcMNPV) infection. The transcription levels of genes were detected by RT-qPCR. The 50% tissue culture infective dose (TCID50) endpoint dilution assay was used to determine the proliferation of progeny virus. Results: NGS revealed that 49 miRNAs were differentially expressed in Sf9 cells, and 10 of them were significantly up- or down-regulated. Though RT-qPCR analysis, we observed the similar trends for the expression patterns of significantly differentially expressed miRNAs from NGS. Moreover, the transcription levels of core genes, Exportin5, Dicer1, and Argonaute1, in miRNA biogenesis pathways were significantly increased after AcMNPV infection. For five selected miRNAs, miR-34-5p could regulate the proliferation of baculovirus progeny virus and energy metabolism. Conclusion: The miRNAs biogenesis pathway in Sf9 cells plays an important role and may be stimulated to resist AcMNPV infection. This work provides evidence for the molecular mechanism of baculovirus-insect interaction and offers novel ideas and directions for green pest control technology.


Cite This Article

JIA, Q., FU, Y. (2023). The microRNA pathway activation in insect cell model upon Autographa californica multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus infection. BIOCELL, 47(3), 627–645.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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