Open Access

REVIEW

MicroRNA regulation and host interaction in response to Aspergillus exposure

MANSI SHRIVASTAVA1, DIKSHA PANDEY1, POONAM SHARMA2, RAMBIR SINGH3,*
1 Department of Biomedical Sciences, Bundelkhand University, Jhansi, 284128, India
2 Department of Zoology, Indira Gandhi National Tribal University, Amarkantak, 484886, India
3 Department of Horticulture, Aromatic and Medicinal Plants, Mizoram University, Aizawl, 796004, India
* Corresponding Author: RAMBIR SINGH. Email:
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Regulatory, Therapeutic and Diagnostic Associations of miRNA in Emerging Diseases)

BIOCELL 2022, 46(2), 339-356. https://doi.org/10.32604/biocell.2022.016822

Received 30 March 2021; Accepted 13 August 2021; Issue published 20 October 2021

Abstract

Aspergillus is a group of conidial fungi, isolated from soil and litter, cause serious diseases in humans and animals. This ubiquitous fungus is prevalent in the air and inhalation of fungal spores is common. Fungal diseases from Aspergillus became a major health problem and are difficult to manage because they tend to be chronic and invasive, hard to diagnose and difficult to exterminate with antifungal drugs. Although, immune responses play vital roles in monitoring the fate of fungal infections and regulation of the immune responses against fungal infections might be an effective approach for controlling and reducing the pathological damages. Recent studies have shown that microRNAs (miRNAs) are assembly of regulators which modulates the immune responses during fungal infections through diversified cellular mechanisms. These small non-coding RNA sequences regulate gene expression, mostly at the post-transcriptional level and have emerged as the controller of gene expression of at least 30% human genes. Therefore, miRNAs might be considered as one of the potential goals in immunotherapy for fungal infections. The objective of this review is to explore the role of miRNAs in host recognition processes and understanding the modulation of regulatory pathways in response to Aspergillus exposure.

Keywords

Fungal exposure; Aspergillus; microRNA; Immune response

Cite This Article

SHRIVASTAVA, M., PANDEY, D., SHARMA, P., SINGH, R. (2022). MicroRNA regulation and host interaction in response to Aspergillus exposure. BIOCELL, 46(2), 339–356.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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