Table of Content

Open Access iconOpen Access

ARTICLE

Cardiac remodeling in preterm infants with prolonged exposure to a patent ductus arteriosus

Koert de Waal1, Nilkant Phad1, Nick Collins2, Andrew Boyle2

1 Department of Neonatology, John Hunter Children’s Hospital, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW, Australia
2 Department of Cardiology, John Hunter Hospital, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW, Australia

* Corresponding Author: Koert de Waal, Department of Neonatology, John Hunter Children’s Hospital, Lookout Road, New Lambton NSW 3205, Australia. Email: email

Congenital Heart Disease 2017, 12(3), 364-372. https://doi.org/10.1111/chd.12454

Abstract

Background: Sustained volume load due to a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) leads to cardiac remodeling. Remodeling changes can become pathological and are associated with cardiovascular disease progression. Data on remodeling changes in preterm infants is not available.
Methods: Clinical and echocardiography data were collected in preterm infants <30 weeks gestation on postnatal day 3 and then every 7–14 days until closure of the ductus arteriosus. Images were analyzed using conventional techniques and speckle tracking. Remodeling changes of infants with prolonged (>14 days) exposure to a PDA were compared to control infants without a PDA.
Results: Thirty out of 189 infants had prolonged exposure to a PDA. The left heart remodeled to a larger and more spherical shape and thus significantly increased in volume. Most changes occurred in the first 4 weeks, plateaued, and then returned to control values. Systolic function and estimates of filling pressure increased and effective arterial elastance reduced with a PDA, however contractility was unchanged. Wall thickness increased after 4 weeks of increased volume exposure.
Conclusion: The preterm PDA induces early and significant remodeling of the left heart. A compensated cardiac physiology was seen with preserved systolic function, suggesting adaptive rather than pathological remodeling changes with prolonged exposure to a PDA.

Keywords


Cite This Article

APA Style
Waal, K.D., Phad, N., Collins, N., Boyle, A. (2017). Cardiac remodeling in preterm infants with prolonged exposure to a patent ductus arteriosus. Congenital Heart Disease, 12(3), 364-372. https://doi.org/10.1111/chd.12454
Vancouver Style
Waal KD, Phad N, Collins N, Boyle A. Cardiac remodeling in preterm infants with prolonged exposure to a patent ductus arteriosus. Congeni Heart Dis. 2017;12(3):364-372 https://doi.org/10.1111/chd.12454
IEEE Style
K.D. Waal, N. Phad, N. Collins, and A. Boyle "Cardiac remodeling in preterm infants with prolonged exposure to a patent ductus arteriosus," Congeni. Heart Dis., vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 364-372. 2017. https://doi.org/10.1111/chd.12454



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 1107

    View

  • 844

    Download

  • 0

    Like

Share Link