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Toward the Optimization of the Region-Based P300 Speller

A. Benabid Najjar1,*, N. AlSahly2, R. AlShamass1, M. Hosny2

1 Department of Software Engineering, King Saud University, Riyadh, 11451, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Computer Science, King Saud University, Riyadh, 11451, Saudi Arabia

* Corresponding Author: A. Benabid Najjar. Email: email

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: AI, IoT, Blockchain Assisted Intelligent Solutions to Medical and Healthcare Systems)

Computers, Materials & Continua 2021, 67(1), 1169-1189.


Technology has tremendously contributed to improving communication and facilitating daily activities. Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) study particularly emerged from the need to serve people with disabilities such as Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS). However, with the advancements in cost-effective electronics and computer interface equipment, the BCI study is flourishing, and the exploration of BCI applications for people without disabilities, to enhance normal functioning, is increasing. Particularly, the P300-based spellers are among the most promising applications of the BCI technology. In this context, the region-based paradigm for P300 BCI spellers was introduced in an effort to reduce the crowding effect and adjacency problem that might affect the detection of P300 peak. This study extends this line of research by investigating the effect, in terms of accuracy and usability, of the letters’ distribution among the speller’s regions. For this purpose, a clustering algorithm is proposed, and two region-based layouts were generated by redistributing the letters based on their dissimilarity or their similarity. A pilot usability evaluation was also conducted in order to assess the usability of the different layouts in terms of effectiveness, efficiency, and satisfaction. The results indicate that the distribution of the letters has an effect on the classification accuracy as well as the user experience. Particularly, when considering short-term accuracy and cognitive effort, the original region-based layout outperforms other layouts.


Cite This Article

APA Style
Najjar, A.B., AlSahly, N., AlShamass, R., Hosny, M. (2021). Toward the optimization of the region-based P300 speller. Computers, Materials & Continua, 67(1), 1169-1189.
Vancouver Style
Najjar AB, AlSahly N, AlShamass R, Hosny M. Toward the optimization of the region-based P300 speller. Comput Mater Contin. 2021;67(1):1169-1189
IEEE Style
A.B. Najjar, N. AlSahly, R. AlShamass, and M. Hosny "Toward the Optimization of the Region-Based P300 Speller," Comput. Mater. Contin., vol. 67, no. 1, pp. 1169-1189. 2021.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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