Vol.67, No.2, 2021, pp.1353-1368, doi:10.32604/cmc.2021.014237
Adaptation of Vehicular Ad hoc Network Clustering Protocol for Smart Transportation
  • Masood Ahmad1, Abdul Hameed2, Fasee Ullah3,*, Ishtiaq Wahid1, Atif Khan4, M. Irfan Uddin5, Shafiq Ahmad6, Ahmed M. El-Sherbeeny6
1 Department of Computer Science, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, 23200, Pakistan
2 Department of Computing and Technology, Iqra University, Islamabad, Pakistan
3 Department of Computer Science and Information Technology, Sarhad University of Science and Information Technology, Peshawar, 25000, Pakistan
4 Department of Computer Science, Islamia College Peshawar, Peshawar, 25000, Pakistan
5 Institute of Computing, Kohat University of Science and Technology, Kohat, 2600, Pakistan
6 Department of Industrial Engineering, College of Engineering, King Saud University, Riyadh, 11421, Saudi Arabia
* Corresponding Author: Fasee Ullah. Email:
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Deep Learning and Parallel Computing for Intelligent and Efficient IoT)
Received 08 September 2020; Accepted 29 November 2020; Issue published 05 February 2021
Clustering algorithms optimization can minimize topology maintenance overhead in large scale vehicular Ad hoc networks (VANETs) for smart transportation that results from dynamic topology, limited resources and non-centralized architecture. The performance of a clustering algorithm varies with the underlying mobility model to address the topology maintenance overhead issue in VANETs for smart transportation. To design a robust clustering algorithm, careful attention must be paid to components like mobility models and performance objectives. A clustering algorithm may not perform well with every mobility pattern. Therefore, we propose a supervisory protocol (SP) that observes the mobility pattern of vehicles and identifies the realistic Mobility model through microscopic features. An analytical model can be used to determine an efficient clustering algorithm for a specific mobility model (MM). SP selects the best clustering scheme according to the mobility model and guarantees a consistent performance throughout VANET operations. The simulation has performed in three parts that is the central part simulation for setting up the clustering environment, In the second part the clustering algorithms are tested for efficiency in a constrained atmosphere for some time and the third part represents the proposed scheme. The simulation results show that the proposed scheme outperforms clustering algorithms such as honey bee algorithm-based clustering and memetic clustering in terms of cluster count, re-affiliation rate, control overhead and cluster lifetime.
Cluster; VANET; smart transportation; supervisory protocol; mobility models
Cite This Article
M. Ahmad, A. Hameed, F. Ullah, I. Wahid, A. Khan et al., "Adaptation of vehicular ad hoc network clustering protocol for smart transportation," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 67, no.2, pp. 1353–1368, 2021.
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