Vol.68, No.2, 2021, pp.1713-1729, doi:10.32604/cmc.2021.016732
OPEN ACCESS
ARTICLE
Estimating Age in Short Utterances Based on Multi-Class Classification Approach
  • Ameer A. Badr1,2,*, Alia K. Abdul-Hassan2
1 College of Managerial and Financial Sciences, Imam Ja’afar Al-Sadiq University, Salahaddin, Iraq
2 Department of Computer Science, University of Technology, Baghdad, Iraq
* Corresponding Author: Ameer A. Badr. Email:
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Wireless Sensors Networks Application in Healthcare and Medical Internet of Things (Miot) in Bio-Medical Sensors Networks)
Received 07 January 2021; Accepted 10 February 2021; Issue published 13 April 2021
Abstract
Age estimation in short speech utterances finds many applications in daily life like human-robot interaction, custom call routing, targeted marketing, user-profiling, etc. Despite the comprehensive studies carried out to extract descriptive features, the estimation errors (i.e. years) are still high. In this study, an automatic system is proposed to estimate age in short speech utterances without depending on the text as well as the speaker. Firstly, four groups of features are extracted from each utterance frame using hybrid techniques and methods. After that, 10 statistical functionals are measured for each extracted feature dimension. Then, the extracted feature dimensions are normalized and reduced using the Quantile method and the Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA) method, respectively. Finally, the speaker’s age is estimated based on a multi-class classification approach by using the Extreme Gradient Boosting (XGBoost) classifier. Experiments have been carried out on the TIMIT dataset to measure the performance of the proposed system. The Mean Absolute Error (MAE) of the suggested system is 4.68 years, and 4.98 years, the Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) is 8.05 and 6.97, respectively, for female and male speakers. The results show a clear relative improvement in terms of MAE up to 28% and 10% for female and male speakers, respectively, in comparison to related works that utilized the TIMIT dataset.
Keywords
Speaker age estimation; XGBoost; statistical functionals; Quantile normalization; LDA; TIMIT dataset
Cite This Article
A. A. Badr and A. K. Abdul-Hassan, "Estimating age in short utterances based on multi-class classification approach," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 68, no.2, pp. 1713–1729, 2021.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.