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Race Classification Using Deep Learning

Khalil Khan1, Rehan Ullah Khan2, Jehad Ali3, Irfan Uddin4, Sahib Khan5, Byeong-hee Roh3,*

1 Department of Information Technology and Computer Science, Pak-Austria Institute of Applied Science and Technology, Haripur, Pakistan
2 Department of Information Technology, College of Computer, Qassim University, Buraydah, Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Computer Engineering and Department of AI Convergence Network, Ajou University, Suwon, Korea
4 Department of Computer Science, Superior College, Lahore, Pakistan
5 Department of Electronics and Telecommunications, Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy

* Corresponding Author: Byeong-hee Roh. Email:

Computers, Materials & Continua 2021, 68(3), 3483-3498.


Race classification is a long-standing challenge in the field of face image analysis. The investigation of salient facial features is an important task to avoid processing all face parts. Face segmentation strongly benefits several face analysis tasks, including ethnicity and race classification. We propose a race-classification algorithm using a prior face segmentation framework. A deep convolutional neural network (DCNN) was used to construct a face segmentation model. For training the DCNN, we label face images according to seven different classes, that is, nose, skin, hair, eyes, brows, back, and mouth. The DCNN model developed in the first phase was used to create segmentation results. The probabilistic classification method is used, and probability maps (PMs) are created for each semantic class. We investigated five salient facial features from among seven that help in race classification. Features are extracted from the PMs of five classes, and a new model is trained based on the DCNN. We assessed the performance of the proposed race classification method on four standard face datasets, reporting superior results compared with previous studies.


Cite This Article

APA Style
Khan, K., Khan, R.U., Ali, J., Uddin, I., Khan, S. et al. (2021). Race classification using deep learning. Computers, Materials & Continua, 68(3), 3483-3498.
Vancouver Style
Khan K, Khan RU, Ali J, Uddin I, Khan S, Roh B. Race classification using deep learning. Comput Mater Contin. 2021;68(3):3483-3498
IEEE Style
K. Khan, R.U. Khan, J. Ali, I. Uddin, S. Khan, and B. Roh "Race Classification Using Deep Learning," Comput. Mater. Contin., vol. 68, no. 3, pp. 3483-3498. 2021.


cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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