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Powering Mobile Networks with Optimal Green Energy for Sustainable Development

Mohammed H. Alsharif1, Mahmoud A. Albreem2, Abu Jahid3, Kannadasan Raju4, Peerapong Uthansakul5,*, Jamel Nebhen6, Venkatesan Chandrasekaran4, Ayman A. Aly7

1 Department of Electrical Engineering, College of Electronics and Information Engineering, Sejong University, Gwangjin-gu, Seoul, 05006, Korea
2 Department of Electronics and Communications Engineering, A’Sharqiyah University, Ibra, 400, Oman
3 Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, K1N 6N5, ON, Canada
4 Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Sri Venkateswara College of Engineering, Sriperumbudur, Chennai, 602117, India
5 School of Telecommunication Engineering, Suranaree University of Technology, Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand
6 Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, College of Computer Engineering and Sciences, Alkharj, 11942, Saudi Arabia
7 Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, Taif University, Taif, 21944, Saudi Arabia

* Corresponding Author: Peerapong Uthansakul. Email:

Computers, Materials & Continua 2021, 69(1), 661-677.


Green wireless networking is an emerging area for many societies, especially academia and industry, in light of economic and ecological perspectives. Empowering wireless infrastructures exploiting green power sources can enhance sustainability due to the adverse effects of conventional power sources and atmospheric circumstances. Moreover, the specific power supply requirements for a base station (BS), such as cost effectiveness, efficiency, sustainability, and reliability, can be met by utilizing technological advances in renewable energy. Numerous drivers and motivators are involved in the deployment of renewable energy technologies and the transition toward green energy. Renewable energy is free, clean, and abundant in most locations throughout the year. In this work, a sustainable optimal stand-alone solar-powered model envisioning green cellular BSs for urban locations in Oman is proposed. This model can extend 24 h uninterrupted power supply support to a cellular BS that fully utilizes an integrated storage device. The system analysis is conducted using a hybrid optimization model for electric renewables (HOMER) based on actual prevailing conditions of the regions and their technical feasibility. The results showed can be achieved operational expenditure savings up to 16%. These outcomes provide a huge benefit to the cellular operators of Oman economically, technically, and ecologically.


Cite This Article

M. H. Alsharif, M. A. Albreem, A. Jahid, K. Raju, P. Uthansakul et al., "Powering mobile networks with optimal green energy for sustainable development," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 69, no.1, pp. 661–677, 2021.


cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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