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A Novel Framework for Multi-Classification of Guava Disease

Omar Almutiry1, Muhammad Ayaz2, Tariq Sadad3, Ikram Ullah Lali4, Awais Mahmood1,*, Najam Ul Hassan5, Habib Dhahri1

1 College of Applied Computer Sciences, King Saud University (Almuzahmiyah Branch), Riyadh, 11564, KSA
2 Department of Computer Science, University of Central Punjab, Lahore, 54000, Pakistan
3 Department of CS&SE, International Islamic University, Islamabad, 44000, Pakistan
4 Division of Science and Technology, University of Education, Lahore, 54000, Pakistan
5 Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Dhofar University, Salalah, Oman

* Corresponding Author: Awais Mahmood. Email: email

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: Artificial Intelligence based Smart precision agriculture with analytic pattern in sustainable environments using IoT)

Computers, Materials & Continua 2021, 69(2), 1915-1926.


Guava is one of the most important fruits in Pakistan, and is gradually boosting the economy of Pakistan. Guava production can be interrupted due to different diseases, such as anthracnose, algal spot, fruit fly, styler end rot and canker. These diseases are usually detected and identified by visual observation, thus automatic detection is required to assist formers. In this research, a new technique was created to detect guava plant diseases using image processing techniques and computer vision. An automated system is developed to support farmers to identify major diseases in guava. We collected healthy and unhealthy images of different guava diseases from the field. Then image labeling was done with the help of an expert to differentiate between healthy and unhealthy fruit. The local binary pattern (LBP) was used for the extraction of features, and principal component analysis (PCA) was used for dimensionality reduction. Disease classification was carried out using multiple classifiers, including cubic support vector machine, Fine K-nearest neighbor (F-KNN), Bagged Tree and RUSBoosted Tree algorithms and achieved 100% accuracy for the diagnosis of fruit flies disease using Bagged Tree. However, the findings indicated that cubic support vector machines (C-SVM) was the best classifier for all guava disease mentioned in the dataset.


Cite This Article

APA Style
Almutiry, O., Ayaz, M., Sadad, T., Lali, I.U., Mahmood, A. et al. (2021). A novel framework for multi-classification of guava disease. Computers, Materials & Continua, 69(2), 1915-1926.
Vancouver Style
Almutiry O, Ayaz M, Sadad T, Lali IU, Mahmood A, Hassan NU, et al. A novel framework for multi-classification of guava disease. Comput Mater Contin. 2021;69(2):1915-1926
IEEE Style
O. Almutiry et al., "A Novel Framework for Multi-Classification of Guava Disease," Comput. Mater. Contin., vol. 69, no. 2, pp. 1915-1926. 2021.


cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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