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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Deep Learning Model for News Quality Evaluation Based on Explicit and Implicit Information

    Guohui Song1,2, Yongbin Wang1,*, Jianfei Li1, Hongbin Hu1

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.38, No.3, pp. 275-295, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.041873

    Abstract Recommending high-quality news to users is vital in improving user stickiness and news platforms’ reputation. However, existing news quality evaluation methods, such as clickbait detection and popularity prediction, are challenging to reflect news quality comprehensively and concisely. This paper defines news quality as the ability of news articles to elicit clicks and comments from users, which represents whether the news article can attract widespread attention and discussion. Based on the above definition, this paper first presents a straightforward method to measure news quality based on the comments and clicks of news and defines four news quality indicators. Then, the dataset… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Driving Activity Classification Using Deep Residual Networks Based on Smart Glasses Sensors

    Narit Hnoohom1, Sakorn Mekruksavanich2, Anuchit Jitpattanakul3,4,*

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.38, No.2, pp. 139-151, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.033940

    Abstract Accidents are still an issue in an intelligent transportation system, despite developments in self-driving technology (ITS). Drivers who engage in risky behavior account for more than half of all road accidents. As a result, reckless driving behaviour can cause congestion and delays. Computer vision and multimodal sensors have been used to study driving behaviour categorization to lessen this problem. Previous research has also collected and analyzed a wide range of data, including electroencephalography (EEG), electrooculography (EOG), and photographs of the driver’s face. On the other hand, driving a car is a complicated action that requires a wide range of body… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Lightweight Malicious Code Classification Method Based on Improved SqueezeNet

    Li Li*, Youran Kong, Qing Zhang

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.1, pp. 551-567, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.045512

    Abstract With the growth of the Internet, more and more business is being done online, for example, online offices, online education and so on. While this makes people’s lives more convenient, it also increases the risk of the network being attacked by malicious code. Therefore, it is important to identify malicious codes on computer systems efficiently. However, most of the existing malicious code detection methods have two problems: (1) The ability of the model to extract features is weak, resulting in poor model performance. (2) The large scale of model data leads to difficulties deploying on devices with limited resources. Therefore,… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Deep Convolutional Neural Networks for Accurate Classification of Gastrointestinal Tract Syndromes

    Zahid Farooq Khan1, Muhammad Ramzan1,*, Mudassar Raza1, Muhammad Attique Khan2,3, Khalid Iqbal4, Taerang Kim5, Jae-Hyuk Cha5

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.1, pp. 1207-1225, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.045491

    Abstract Accurate detection and classification of artifacts within the gastrointestinal (GI) tract frames remain a significant challenge in medical image processing. Medical science combined with artificial intelligence is advancing to automate the diagnosis and treatment of numerous diseases. Key to this is the development of robust algorithms for image classification and detection, crucial in designing sophisticated systems for diagnosis and treatment. This study makes a small contribution to endoscopic image classification. The proposed approach involves multiple operations, including extracting deep features from endoscopy images using pre-trained neural networks such as Darknet-53 and Xception. Additionally, feature optimization utilizes the binary dragonfly algorithm… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Facial Image-Based Autism Detection: A Comparative Study of Deep Neural Network Classifiers

    Tayyaba Farhat1,2, Sheeraz Akram3,*, Hatoon S. AlSagri3, Zulfiqar Ali4, Awais Ahmad3, Arfan Jaffar1,2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.1, pp. 105-126, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.045022

    Abstract Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental condition characterized by significant challenges in social interaction, communication, and repetitive behaviors. Timely and precise ASD detection is crucial, particularly in regions with limited diagnostic resources like Pakistan. This study aims to conduct an extensive comparative analysis of various machine learning classifiers for ASD detection using facial images to identify an accurate and cost-effective solution tailored to the local context. The research involves experimentation with VGG16 and MobileNet models, exploring different batch sizes, optimizers, and learning rate schedulers. In addition, the “Orange” machine learning tool is employed to evaluate classifier performance and automated… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Deep Learning-Based Classification of Rotten Fruits and Identification of Shelf Life

    S. Sofana Reka1, Ankita Bagelikar2, Prakash Venugopal2,*, V. Ravi2, Harimurugan Devarajan3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.1, pp. 781-794, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.043369

    Abstract The freshness of fruits is considered to be one of the essential characteristics for consumers in determining their quality, flavor and nutritional value. The primary need for identifying rotten fruits is to ensure that only fresh and high-quality fruits are sold to consumers. The impact of rotten fruits can foster harmful bacteria, molds and other microorganisms that can cause food poisoning and other illnesses to the consumers. The overall purpose of the study is to classify rotten fruits, which can affect the taste, texture, and appearance of other fresh fruits, thereby reducing their shelf life. The agriculture and food industries… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    AI Fairness–From Machine Learning to Federated Learning

    Lalit Mohan Patnaik1,5, Wenfeng Wang2,3,4,5,6,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.2, pp. 1203-1215, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.029451

    Abstract This article reviews the theory of fairness in AI–from machine learning to federated learning, where the constraints on precision AI fairness and perspective solutions are also discussed. For a reliable and quantitative evaluation of AI fairness, many associated concepts have been proposed, formulated and classified. However, the inexplicability of machine learning systems makes it almost impossible to include all necessary details in the modelling stage to ensure fairness. The privacy worries induce the data unfairness and hence, the biases in the datasets for evaluating AI fairness are unavoidable. The imbalance between algorithms’ utility and humanization has further reinforced such worries.… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Letter Recognition Reinvented: A Dual Approach with MLP Neural Network and Anomaly Detection

    Nesreen M. Alharbi*, Ahmed Hamza Osman, Arwa A. Mashat, Hasan J. Alyamani

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.48, No.1, pp. 175-198, 2024, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.041044

    Abstract Recent years have witnessed significant advancements in the field of character recognition, thanks to the revolutionary introduction of machine learning techniques. Among various types of character recognition, offline Handwritten Character Recognition (HCR) is comparatively more challenging as it lacks temporal information, such as stroke count and direction, ink pressure, and unexpected handwriting variability. These issues contribute to a poor level of precision, which calls for the adoption of anomaly detection techniques to enhance Optical Character Recognition (OCR) schemes. Previous studies have not researched unsupervised anomaly detection using MLP for handwriting recognition. Therefore, this study proposes a novel approach for enhanced… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Computational Linguistics Based Arabic Poem Classification and Dictarization Model

    Manar Ahmed Hamza1,*, Hala J. Alshahrani2, Najm Alotaibi3, Mohamed K. Nour4, Mahmoud Othman5, Gouse Pasha Mohammed1, Mohammed Rizwanullah1, Mohamed I. Eldesouki6

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.48, No.1, pp. 97-114, 2024, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.034520

    Abstract Computational linguistics is the scientific and engineering discipline related to comprehending written and spoken language from a computational perspective and building artefacts that effectively process and produce language, either in bulk or in a dialogue setting. This paper develops a Chaotic Bird Swarm Optimization with deep ensemble learning based Arabic poem classification and dictarization (CBSOEDL-APCD) technique. The presented CBSOEDL-APCD technique involves the classification and dictarization of Arabic text into Arabic poetries and prose. Primarily, the CBSOEDL-APCD technique carries out data pre-processing to convert it into a useful format. Besides, the ensemble deep learning (EDL) model comprising deep belief network (DBN),… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Comparative Performance Analysis of Machine Learning Models for Intrusion Detection Classification

    Adil Hussain1, Amna Khatoon2,*, Ayesha Aslam2, Tariq1, Muhammad Asif Khosa1

    Journal of Cyber Security, Vol.6, pp. 1-23, 2024, DOI:10.32604/jcs.2023.046915

    Abstract The importance of cybersecurity in contemporary society cannot be inflated, given the substantial impact of networks on various aspects of daily life. Traditional cybersecurity measures, such as anti-virus software and firewalls, safeguard networks against potential threats. In network security, using Intrusion Detection Systems (IDSs) is vital for effectively monitoring the various software and hardware components inside a given network. However, they may encounter difficulties when it comes to detecting solitary attacks. Machine Learning (ML) models are implemented in intrusion detection widely because of the high accuracy. The present work aims to assess the performance of machine learning algorithms in the… More >

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