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On-line Recognition of Abnormal Patterns in Bivariate Autocorrelated Process Using Random Forest

Miao Xu1, Bo Zhu1,*, Chunmei Chen1, Yuwei Wan2

1 College of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Kunming University of Science & Technology, Kunming, 650500, China
2 School of Engineering, Cardiff University, Cardiff, CF24 3AA, UK

* Corresponding Author: Bo Zhu. Email: email

Computers, Materials & Continua 2022, 73(1), 1707-1722.


It is not uncommon that two or more related process quality characteristics are needed to be monitored simultaneously in production process for most of time. Meanwhile, the observations obtained online are often serially autocorrelated due to high sampling frequency and process dynamics. This goes against the statistical I.I.D assumption in using the multivariate control charts, which may lead to the performance of multivariate control charts collapse soon. Meanwhile, the process control method based on pattern recognition as a non-statistical approach is not confined by this limitation, and further provide more useful information for quality practitioners to locate the assignable causes led to process abnormalities. This study proposed a pattern recognition model using Random Forest (RF) as pattern model to detect and identify the abnormalities in bivariate autocorrelated process. The simulation experiment results demonstrate that the model is superior on recognition accuracy (RA) (97.96%) to back propagation neural networks (BPNN) (95.69%), probability neural networks (PNN) (94.31%), and support vector machine (SVM) (97.16%). When experimenting with simulated dynamic process data flow, the model also achieved better average running length (ARL) and standard deviation of ARL (SRL) than those of the four comparative approaches in most cases of mean shift magnitude. Therefore, we get the conclusion that the RF model is a promising approach for detecting abnormalities in the bivariate autocorrelated process. Although bivariate autocorrelated process is focused in this study, the proposed model can be extended to multivariate autocorrelated process control.


Cite This Article

M. Xu, B. Zhu, C. Chen and Y. Wan, "On-line recognition of abnormal patterns in bivariate autocorrelated process using random forest," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 73, no.1, pp. 1707–1722, 2022.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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