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A Neuro-Fuzzy Approach to Road Traffic Congestion Prediction

Mohammed Gollapalli1, Atta-ur-Rahman2,*, Dhiaa Musleh2, Nehad Ibrahim2, Muhammad Adnan Khan3, Sagheer Abbas4, Ayesha Atta5, Muhammad Aftab Khan6, Mehwash Farooqui6, Tahir Iqbal7, Mohammed Salih Ahmed6, Mohammed Imran B. Ahmed6, Dakheel Almoqbil8, Majd Nabeel2, Abdullah Omer2
1 Department of Computer Information System (CIS), College of Computer Science and Information Technology (CCSIT), Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, 31441, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Computer Science (CS), College of Computer Science and Information Technology (CCSIT), Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, 31441, Saudi Arabia
3 Pattern Recognition and Machine Learning Lab, Department of Software Engineering, Gachon University, Inchon, Korea
4 Department of Computer Science, National College of Business Administration and Economics, Lahore, Punjab,54000, Pakistan
5 Department of Computer Science, Government College University (GCU), Lahore, Punjab, 54000, Pakistan
6 Department of Computer Engineering (CE), College of Computer Science and Information Technology (CCSIT), Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, 31441, Saudi Arabia
7 College of Business Administration, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, 31441, Saudi Arabia
8 Department of Networks and Communications (NC), College of Computer Science and Information Technology (CCSIT), Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, 31441, Saudi Arabia
* Corresponding Author: Atta-ur-Rahman. Email:

Computers, Materials & Continua 2022, 73(1), 295-310. https://doi.org/10.32604/cmc.2022.027925

Received 28 January 2022; Accepted 30 March 2022; Issue published 18 May 2022

Abstract

The fast-paced growth of artificial intelligence applications provides unparalleled opportunities to improve the efficiency of various systems. Such as the transportation sector faces many obstacles following the implementation and integration of different vehicular and environmental aspects worldwide. Traffic congestion is among the major issues in this regard which demands serious attention due to the rapid growth in the number of vehicles on the road. To address this overwhelming problem, in this article, a cloud-based intelligent road traffic congestion prediction model is proposed that is empowered with a hybrid Neuro-Fuzzy approach. The aim of the study is to reduce the delay in the queues, the vehicles experience at different road junctions across the city. The proposed model also intended to help the automated traffic control systems by minimizing the congestion particularly in a smart city environment where observational data is obtained from various implanted Internet of Things (IoT) sensors across the road. After due preprocessing over the cloud server, the proposed approach makes use of this data by incorporating the neuro-fuzzy engine. Consequently, it possesses a high level of accuracy by means of intelligent decision making with minimum error rate. Simulation results reveal the accuracy of the proposed model as 98.72% during the validation phase in contrast to the highest accuracies achieved by state-of-the-art techniques in the literature such as 90.6%, 95.84%, 97.56% and 98.03%, respectively. As far as the training phase analysis is concerned, the proposed scheme exhibits 99.214% accuracy. The proposed prediction model is a potential contribution towards smart cities environment.

Keywords

Neuro-fuzzy; machine learning; congestion prediction; AI; cloud computing; smart cities

Cite This Article

M. Gollapalli, A. , D. Musleh, N. Ibrahim, M. Adnan Khan et al., "A neuro-fuzzy approach to road traffic congestion prediction," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 73, no.1, pp. 295–310, 2022.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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