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Optimal Bottleneck-Driven Deep Belief Network Enabled Malware Classification on IoT-Cloud Environment

Mohammed Maray1, Hamed Alqahtani2, Saud S. Alotaibi3, Fatma S. Alrayes4, Nuha Alshuqayran5, Mrim M. Alnfiai6, Amal S. Mehanna7, Mesfer Al Duhayyim8,*

1 Department of Information Systems, College of Computer Science, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Information Systems, College of Computer Science, Center of Artificial Intelligence, Unit of Cybersecurity, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Information Systems, College of Computing and Information System, Umm Al-Qura University, Saudi Arabia
4 Department of information systems, College of Computer and Information Sciences, Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University, P.O. Box 84428, Riyadh, 11671, Saudi Arabia
5 Department of Information Systems, College of Computer and Information Sciences, Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Saudi Arabia
6 Department of Information Technology, College of Computers and Information Technology, Taif University, P.O. Box 11099, Taif, 21944, Saudi Arabia
7 Department of Digital Media, Faculty of Computers and Information Technology, Future University in Egypt, New Cairo, 11845, Egypt
8 Department of Computer Science, College of Sciences and Humanities-Aflaj, Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia

* Corresponding Author: Mesfer Al Duhayyim. Email: email

Computers, Materials & Continua 2023, 74(2), 3101-3115.


Cloud Computing (CC) is the most promising and advanced technology to store data and offer online services in an effective manner. When such fast evolving technologies are used in the protection of computer-based systems from cyberattacks, it brings several advantages compared to conventional data protection methods. Some of the computer-based systems that effectively protect the data include Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS), Internet of Things (IoT), mobile devices, desktop and laptop computer, and critical systems. Malicious software (malware) is nothing but a type of software that targets the computer-based systems so as to launch cyber-attacks and threaten the integrity, secrecy, and accessibility of the information. The current study focuses on design of Optimal Bottleneck driven Deep Belief Network-enabled Cybersecurity Malware Classification (OBDDBN-CMC) model. The presented OBDDBN-CMC model intends to recognize and classify the malware that exists in IoT-based cloud platform. To attain this, Z-score data normalization is utilized to scale the data into a uniform format. In addition, BDDBN model is also exploited for recognition and categorization of malware. To effectually fine-tune the hyperparameters related to BDDBN model, Grasshopper Optimization Algorithm (GOA) is applied. This scenario enhances the classification results and also shows the novelty of current study. The experimental analysis was conducted upon OBDDBN-CMC model for validation and the results confirmed the enhanced performance of OBDDBN-CMC model over recent approaches.


Cite This Article

M. Maray, H. Alqahtani, S. S. Alotaibi, F. S. Alrayes, N. Alshuqayran et al., "Optimal bottleneck-driven deep belief network enabled malware classification on iot-cloud environment," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 74, no.2, pp. 3101–3115, 2023.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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