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An Energy-Efficient Protocol for Internet of Things Based Wireless Sensor Networks

Mohammed Mubarak Mustafa1, Ahmed Abelmonem Khalifa2,3, Korhan Cengiz4,5, Nikola Ivković6,*

1 Deartment of Information Technology, Sri Krishna College of Engineering & Technology, Coimbatore, India
2 Department of Networking and Security, College of Information Technology, University of Fujairah, Fujairah, UAE
3 Switching and Traffic Department, National Telecommunication Institute, Cairo, Egypt
4 Department of Networking and Security, College of Information Technology, University of Fujairah, Fujairah, UAE
5 Department of Computer Engineering, Istinye University, Zeytinburnu, Istanbul, Turkey
6 Faculty of Organization and Informatics, University of Zagreb, Varaˇzdin, Croatia

* Corresponding Author: Nikola Ivkovi´c. Email:

Computers, Materials & Continua 2023, 75(2), 2397-2412.


The performance of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) is an important fragment of the Internet of Things (IoT), where the current WSNbuilt IoT network’s sensor hubs are enticing due to their critical resources. By grouping hubs, a clustering convention offers a useful solution for ensuring energy-saving of hubs and Hybrid Media Access Control (HMAC) during the course of the organization. Nevertheless, current grouping standards suffer from issues with the grouping structure that impacts the exhibition of these conventions negatively. In this investigation, we recommend an Improved Energy-Proficient Algorithm (IEPA) for HMAC throughout the lifetime of the WSN-based IoT. Three consecutive segments are suggested. For the covering of adjusted clusters, an ideal number of clusters is determined first. Then, fair static clusters are shaped, based on an updated calculation for fluffy cluster heads, to reduce and adapt the energy use of the sensor hubs. Cluster heads (CHs) are, ultimately, selected in optimal locations, with the pivot of the cluster heads working among cluster members. Specifically, the proposed convention diminishes and balances the energy utilization of hubs by improving the grouping structure, where the IEPA is reasonable for systems that need a long time. The assessment results demonstrate that the IEPA performs better than existing conventions.


Cite This Article

M. M. Mustafa, A. A. Khalifa, K. Cengiz and N. Ivković, "An energy-efficient protocol for internet of things based wireless sensor networks," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 75, no.2, pp. 2397–2412, 2023.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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