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GaitDONet: Gait Recognition Using Deep Features Optimization and Neural Network

Muhammad Attique Khan1, Awais Khan1, Majed Alhaisoni2, Abdullah Alqahtani3, Ammar Armghan4, Sara A. Althubiti5, Fayadh Alenezi4, Senghour Mey6, Yunyoung Nam6,*

1 Department of Computer Science, HITEC University, Taxila, Pakistan
2 Computer Sciences Department, College of Computer and Information Sciences, Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, 11671, Saudi Arabia
3 College of Computer Engineering and Sciences, Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University, Al-Kharj, Saudi Arabia
4 Department of Electrical Engineering, College of Engineering, Jouf University, Sakaka 72388, Saudi Arabia
5 Department of Computer Science, College of Computer and Information Sciences, Majmaah University, Al-Majmaah, 11952, Saudi Arabia
6 Department of ICT Convergence, Soonchunhyang University, Korea

* Corresponding Author: Yunyoung Nam. Email: email

Computers, Materials & Continua 2023, 75(3), 5087-5103.


Human gait recognition (HGR) is the process of identifying a subject (human) based on their walking pattern. Each subject is a unique walking pattern and cannot be simulated by other subjects. But, gait recognition is not easy and makes the system difficult if any object is carried by a subject, such as a bag or coat. This article proposes an automated architecture based on deep features optimization for HGR. To our knowledge, it is the first architecture in which features are fused using multiset canonical correlation analysis (MCCA). In the proposed method, original video frames are processed for all 11 selected angles of the CASIA B dataset and utilized to train two fine-tuned deep learning models such as Squeezenet and Efficientnet. Deep transfer learning was used to train both fine-tuned models on selected angles, yielding two new targeted models that were later used for feature engineering. Features are extracted from the deep layer of both fine-tuned models and fused into one vector using MCCA. An improved manta ray foraging optimization algorithm is also proposed to select the best features from the fused feature matrix and classified using a narrow neural network classifier. The experimental process was conducted on all 11 angles of the large multi-view gait dataset (CASIA B) dataset and obtained improved accuracy than the state-of-the-art techniques. Moreover, a detailed confidence interval based analysis also shows the effectiveness of the proposed architecture for HGR.


Cite This Article

M. A. Khan, A. Khan, M. Alhaisoni, A. Alqahtani, A. Armghan et al., "Gaitdonet: gait recognition using deep features optimization and neural network," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 75, no.3, pp. 5087–5103, 2023.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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