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Feature Enhanced Stacked Auto Encoder for Diseases Detection in Brain MRI

Umair Muneer Butt1,2,*, Rimsha Arif2, Sukumar Letchmunan1,*, Babur Hayat Malik2, Muhammad Adil Butt2

1 School of Computer Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, 1180, Malaysia
2 Department of Computer Science and IT, The University of Chenab, Gujrat, 50700, Pakistan

* Corresponding Authors: Umair Muneer Butt. Email: email; Sukumar Letchmunan. Email: email

Computers, Materials & Continua 2023, 76(2), 2551-2570.


The detection of brain disease is an essential issue in medical and research areas. Deep learning techniques have shown promising results in detecting and diagnosing brain diseases using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images. These techniques involve training neural networks on large datasets of MRI images, allowing the networks to learn patterns and features indicative of different brain diseases. However, several challenges and limitations still need to be addressed further to improve the accuracy and effectiveness of these techniques. This paper implements a Feature Enhanced Stacked Auto Encoder (FESAE) model to detect brain diseases. The standard stack auto encoder’s results are trivial and not robust enough to boost the system’s accuracy. Therefore, the standard Stack Auto Encoder (SAE) is replaced with a Stacked Feature Enhanced Auto Encoder with a feature enhancement function to efficiently and effectively get non-trivial features with less activation energy from an image. The proposed model consists of four stages. First, pre-processing is performed to remove noise, and the greyscale image is converted to Red, Green, and Blue (RGB) to enhance feature details for discriminative feature extraction. Second, feature Extraction is performed to extract significant features for classification using Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) and Channelization. Third, classification is performed to classify MRI images into four major classes: Normal, Tumor, Brain Stroke, and Alzheimer’s. Finally, the FESAE model outperforms the state-of-the-art, machine learning, and deep learning methods such as Artificial Neural Network (ANN), SAE, Random Forest (RF), and Logistic Regression (LR) by achieving a high accuracy of 98.61% on a dataset of 2000 MRI images. The proposed model has significant potential for assisting radiologists in diagnosing brain diseases more accurately and improving patient outcomes.


Cite This Article

APA Style
Butt, U.M., Arif, R., Letchmunan, S., Malik, B.H., Butt, M.A. (2023). Feature enhanced stacked auto encoder for diseases detection in brain MRI. Computers, Materials & Continua, 76(2), 2551-2570.
Vancouver Style
Butt UM, Arif R, Letchmunan S, Malik BH, Butt MA. Feature enhanced stacked auto encoder for diseases detection in brain MRI. Comput Mater Contin. 2023;76(2):2551-2570
IEEE Style
U.M. Butt, R. Arif, S. Letchmunan, B.H. Malik, and M.A. Butt "Feature Enhanced Stacked Auto Encoder for Diseases Detection in Brain MRI," Comput. Mater. Contin., vol. 76, no. 2, pp. 2551-2570. 2023.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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