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Deep Learning-Based Model for Detection of Brinjal Weed in the Era of Precision Agriculture

Jigna Patel1, Anand Ruparelia1, Sudeep Tanwar1,*, Fayez Alqahtani2, Amr Tolba3, Ravi Sharma4, Maria Simona Raboaca5,6,*, Bogdan Constantin Neagu7

1 Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Institute of Technology, Nirma University, Ahmedabad, 382481, India
2 Software Engineering Department, College of Computer and Information Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, 12372, Saudi Arabia
3 Computer Science Department, Community College, King Saud University, Riyadh, 11437, Saudi Arabia
4 Centre for Inter-Disciplinary Research and Innovation, University of Petroleum and Energy Studies, Dehradun, 248001, India
5 Doctoral School, University Politehnica of Bucharest, Bucharest, 060042, Romania
6 National Research and Development Institute for Cryogenic and Isotopic Technologies-ICSI Rm, Valcea, Ramnicu Valcea, 240050, Romania
7 Power Engineering Department, Gheorghe Asachi Technical University of Iasi, Iasi, 700050, Romania

* Corresponding Authors: Sudeep Tanwar. Email: email; Maria Simona Raboaca. Email: email

Computers, Materials & Continua 2023, 77(1), 1281-1301. https://doi.org/10.32604/cmc.2023.038796

Abstract

The overgrowth of weeds growing along with the primary crop in the fields reduces crop production. Conventional solutions like hand weeding are labor-intensive, costly, and time-consuming; farmers have used herbicides. The application of herbicide is effective but causes environmental and health concerns. Hence, Precision Agriculture (PA) suggests the variable spraying of herbicides so that herbicide chemicals do not affect the primary plants. Motivated by the gap above, we proposed a Deep Learning (DL) based model for detecting Eggplant (Brinjal) weed in this paper. The key objective of this study is to detect plant and non-plant (weed) parts from crop images. With the help of object detection, the precise location of weeds from images can be achieved. The dataset is collected manually from a private farm in Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India. The combined approach of classification and object detection is applied in the proposed model. The Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) model is used to classify weed and non-weed images; further DL models are applied for object detection. We have compared DL models based on accuracy, memory usage, and Intersection over Union (IoU). ResNet-18, YOLOv3, CenterNet, and Faster RCNN are used in the proposed work. CenterNet outperforms all other models in terms of accuracy, i.e., 88%. Compared to other models, YOLOv3 is the least memory-intensive, utilizing 4.78 GB to evaluate the data.

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APA Style
Patel, J., Ruparelia, A., Tanwar, S., Alqahtani, F., Tolba, A. et al. (2023). Deep learning-based model for detection of brinjal weed in the era of precision agriculture. Computers, Materials & Continua, 77(1), 1281-1301. https://doi.org/10.32604/cmc.2023.038796
Vancouver Style
Patel J, Ruparelia A, Tanwar S, Alqahtani F, Tolba A, Sharma R, et al. Deep learning-based model for detection of brinjal weed in the era of precision agriculture. Comput Mater Contin. 2023;77(1):1281-1301 https://doi.org/10.32604/cmc.2023.038796
IEEE Style
J. Patel et al., "Deep Learning-Based Model for Detection of Brinjal Weed in the Era of Precision Agriculture," Comput. Mater. Contin., vol. 77, no. 1, pp. 1281-1301. 2023. https://doi.org/10.32604/cmc.2023.038796



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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