Open Access iconOpen Access



Deep Convolutional Neural Networks for Accurate Classification of Gastrointestinal Tract Syndromes

Zahid Farooq Khan1, Muhammad Ramzan1,*, Mudassar Raza1, Muhammad Attique Khan2,3, Khalid Iqbal4, Taerang Kim5, Jae-Hyuk Cha5

1 Department of Computer Science, COMSATS University Islamabad, Wah Campus, Wah, 47040, Pakistan
2 Department of Computer Science and Mathematics, Lebanese American University, Beirut, 13-5053, Lebanon
3 Department of Computer Science, HITEC University, Taxila, 47080, Pakistan
4 Department of Computer Science, COMSATS University Islamabad, Attock Campus, Attock, 43600, Pakistan
5 Department of Computer Science, Hanyang University, Seoul, 04763, Korea

* Corresponding Author: Muhammad Ramzan. Email: email

(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Deep Learning in Medical Imaging-Disease Segmentation and Classification)

Computers, Materials & Continua 2024, 78(1), 1207-1225.


Accurate detection and classification of artifacts within the gastrointestinal (GI) tract frames remain a significant challenge in medical image processing. Medical science combined with artificial intelligence is advancing to automate the diagnosis and treatment of numerous diseases. Key to this is the development of robust algorithms for image classification and detection, crucial in designing sophisticated systems for diagnosis and treatment. This study makes a small contribution to endoscopic image classification. The proposed approach involves multiple operations, including extracting deep features from endoscopy images using pre-trained neural networks such as Darknet-53 and Xception. Additionally, feature optimization utilizes the binary dragonfly algorithm (BDA), with the fusion of the obtained feature vectors. The fused feature set is input into the ensemble subspace k nearest neighbors (ESKNN) classifier. The Kvasir-V2 benchmark dataset, and the COMSATS University Islamabad (CUI) Wah private dataset, featuring three classes of endoscopic stomach images were used. Performance assessments considered various feature selection techniques, including genetic algorithm (GA), particle swarm optimization (PSO), salp swarm algorithm (SSA), sine cosine algorithm (SCA), and grey wolf optimizer (GWO). The proposed model excels, achieving an overall classification accuracy of 98.25% on the Kvasir-V2 benchmark and 99.90% on the CUI Wah private dataset. This approach holds promise for developing an automated computer-aided system for classifying GI tract syndromes through endoscopy images.


Cite This Article

Z. F. Khan, M. Ramzan, M. Raza, M. A. Khan, K. Iqbal et al., "Deep convolutional neural networks for accurate classification of gastrointestinal tract syndromes," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 78, no.1, pp. 1207–1225, 2024.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 240


  • 74


  • 1


Share Link