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Weighted Forwarding in Graph Convolution Networks for Recommendation Information Systems

Sang-min Lee, Namgi Kim*

Department of Computer Science, Kyonggi University, Suwon, Korea

* Corresponding Author: Namgi Kim. Email: email

Computers, Materials & Continua 2024, 78(2), 1897-1914.


Recommendation Information Systems (RIS) are pivotal in helping users in swiftly locating desired content from the vast amount of information available on the Internet. Graph Convolution Network (GCN) algorithms have been employed to implement the RIS efficiently. However, the GCN algorithm faces limitations in terms of performance enhancement owing to the due to the embedding value-vanishing problem that occurs during the learning process. To address this issue, we propose a Weighted Forwarding method using the GCN (WF-GCN) algorithm. The proposed method involves multiplying the embedding results with different weights for each hop layer during graph learning. By applying the WF-GCN algorithm, which adjusts weights for each hop layer before forwarding to the next, nodes with many neighbors achieve higher embedding values. This approach facilitates the learning of more hop layers within the GCN framework. The efficacy of the WF-GCN was demonstrated through its application to various datasets. In the MovieLens dataset, the implementation of WF-GCN in LightGCN resulted in significant performance improvements, with recall and NDCG increasing by up to +163.64% and +132.04%, respectively. Similarly, in the Last.FM dataset, LightGCN using WF-GCN enhanced with WF-GCN showed substantial improvements, with the recall and NDCG metrics rising by up to +174.40% and +169.95%, respectively. Furthermore, the application of WF-GCN to Self-supervised Graph Learning (SGL) and Simple Graph Contrastive Learning (SimGCL) also demonstrated notable enhancements in both recall and NDCG across these datasets.


Cite This Article

S. Lee and N. Kim, "Weighted forwarding in graph convolution networks for recommendation information systems," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 78, no.2, pp. 1897–1914, 2024.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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