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Smartphone-Based Wi-Fi Analysis for Bus Passenger Counting

Mohammed Alatiyyah*

Department of Computer Science, College of Computer Engineering and Sciences, Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Al-Kharj, 16278, Saudi Arabia

* Corresponding Author: Mohammed Alatiyyah. Email: email

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: Edge Computing in Advancing the Capabilities of Smart Cities)

Computers, Materials & Continua 2024, 79(1), 875-907.


In the contemporary era of technological advancement, smartphones have become an indispensable part of individuals’ daily lives, exerting a pervasive influence. This paper presents an innovative approach to passenger counting on buses through the analysis of Wi-Fi signals emanating from passengers’ mobile devices. The study seeks to scrutinize the reliability of digital Wi-Fi environments in predicting bus occupancy levels, thereby addressing a crucial aspect of public transportation. The proposed system comprises three crucial elements: Signal capture, data filtration, and the calculation and estimation of passenger numbers. The pivotal findings reveal that the system demonstrates commendable accuracy in estimating passenger counts under moderate-crowding conditions, with an average deviation of 20% from the ground truth and an accuracy rate ranging from 90% to 100%. This underscores its efficacy in scenarios characterized by moderate levels of crowding. However, in densely crowded conditions, the system exhibits a tendency to overestimate passenger numbers, occasionally doubling the actual count. While acknowledging the need for further research to enhance accuracy in crowded conditions, this study presents a pioneering avenue to address a significant concern in public transportation. The implications of the findings are poised to contribute substantially to the enhancement of bus operations and service quality.


Cite This Article

APA Style
Alatiyyah, M. (2024). Smartphone-based wi-fi analysis for bus passenger counting. Computers, Materials & Continua, 79(1), 875-907.
Vancouver Style
Alatiyyah M. Smartphone-based wi-fi analysis for bus passenger counting. Comput Mater Contin. 2024;79(1):875-907
IEEE Style
M. Alatiyyah, "Smartphone-Based Wi-Fi Analysis for Bus Passenger Counting," Comput. Mater. Contin., vol. 79, no. 1, pp. 875-907. 2024.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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