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Robust Malicious Executable Detection Using Host-Based Machine Learning Classifier

Khaled Soliman1,*, Mohamed Sobh2, Ayman M. Bahaa-Eldin2

1 Department of Computer and Systems Engineering, Ain Shams University, Cairo, 11517, Egypt
2 Department of Computer Engineering Technology, ElSewedy University of Technology, Cairo, 44629, Egypt

* Corresponding Author: Khaled Soliman. Email: email

Computers, Materials & Continua 2024, 79(1), 1419-1439.


The continuous development of cyberattacks is threatening digital transformation endeavors worldwide and leads to wide losses for various organizations. These dangers have proven that signature-based approaches are insufficient to prevent emerging and polymorphic attacks. Therefore, this paper is proposing a Robust Malicious Executable Detection (RMED) using Host-based Machine Learning Classifier to discover malicious Portable Executable (PE) files in hosts using Windows operating systems through collecting PE headers and applying machine learning mechanisms to detect unknown infected files. The authors have collected a novel reliable dataset containing 116,031 benign files and 179,071 malware samples from diverse sources to ensure the efficiency of RMED approach. The most effective PE headers that can highly differentiate between benign and malware files were selected to train the model on 15 PE features to speed up the classification process and achieve real-time detection for malicious executables. The evaluation results showed that RMED succeeded in shrinking the classification time to 91 milliseconds for each file while reaching an accuracy of 98.42% with a false positive rate equal to 1.58. In conclusion, this paper contributes to the field of cybersecurity by presenting a comprehensive framework that leverages Artificial Intelligence (AI) methods to proactively detect and prevent cyber-attacks.


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Cite This Article

APA Style
Soliman, K., Sobh, M., Bahaa-Eldin, A.M. (2024). Robust malicious executable detection using host-based machine learning classifier. Computers, Materials & Continua, 79(1), 1419-1439.
Vancouver Style
Soliman K, Sobh M, Bahaa-Eldin AM. Robust malicious executable detection using host-based machine learning classifier. Comput Mater Contin. 2024;79(1):1419-1439
IEEE Style
K. Soliman, M. Sobh, and A.M. Bahaa-Eldin "Robust Malicious Executable Detection Using Host-Based Machine Learning Classifier," Comput. Mater. Contin., vol. 79, no. 1, pp. 1419-1439. 2024.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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