Vol.37, No.1, 2021, pp.63-71, doi:10.32604/csse.2021.015029
A Robust Single-Sensor MPPT Strategy for Shaded Photovoltaic-Battery System
  • A. N. M. Alahmadi1, Hegazy Rezk2,3,*
1 Department of Electrical Engineering, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, 21955, Saudi Arabia
2 College of Engineering at Wadi Addawaser, Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Wadi Ad-Dawasir, 11991, Saudi Arabia
3 Electrical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Minia University, Minia, 61111, Egypt
* Corresponding Author: Hegazy Rezk. Email:
Received 03 November 2020; Accepted 03 January 2021; Issue published 05 February 2021
A robust single-sensor global maximum power point tracking (MPPT) strategy based on modern optimization for photovoltaic systems considering shading conditions is proposed in this work. The proposed strategy is designed for battery charging applications and direct current (DC) microgrids. Under normal operation, the curve of photovoltaic (PV) output power versus PV voltage contains only a single peak point. This point can be simply captured using any traditional tracking method like perturb and observe. However, this situation is completely different during the shadowing effect where several peaks appear on the power voltage curve. Most of these peaks are local with only a single global. This condition leads to the incapability of traditional tracking approaches to extract the global peak power due to their inability to distinguish between the local and global peak points. They are trapped in the first peak point even when the point is local. Therefore, global tracking approaches based on modern optimization are highly required. A recent marine predators algorithm (MPA) has been used to solve the problem of tracking the global MPP under shadowing influence. Different shadowing scenarios are used to test and evaluate the performance of MPA based tracker. The obtained results are compared with particle swarm optimization (PSO) and ant lion optimizer (ALO). The results of the comparison confirmed the effectiveness and robustness of the proposed global MPPT-MPA based tracker over PSO and ALO.
Optimization; marine predators algorithm; photovoltaic system; battery charging applications; partial shading condition; MPPT
Cite This Article
A. N. and H. Rezk, "A robust single-sensor mppt strategy for shaded photovoltaic-battery system," Computer Systems Science and Engineering, vol. 37, no.1, pp. 63–71, 2021.
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