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Cyber Security and Privacy Issues in Industrial Internet of Things

NZ Jhanjhi1, Mamoona Humayun2,*, Saleh N. Almuayqil2

1 School of Computer Science and Engineering (SCE), Taylor’s University, Selangor, Malaysia
2 Department of Information Systems, College of Computer and Information Sciences, Jouf University, Al-Jouf, Saudi Arabia

* Corresponding Author: Mamoona Humayun. Email: email

Computer Systems Science and Engineering 2021, 37(3), 361-380.


The emergence of industry 4.0 stems from research that has received a great deal of attention in the last few decades. Consequently, there has been a huge paradigm shift in the manufacturing and production sectors. However, this poses a challenge for cybersecurity and highlights the need to address the possible threats targeting (various pillars of) industry 4.0. However, before providing a concrete solution certain aspect need to be researched, for instance, cybersecurity threats and privacy issues in the industry. To fill this gap, this paper discusses potential solutions to cybersecurity targeting this industry and highlights the consequences of possible attacks and countermeasures (in detail). In particular, the focus of the paper is on investigating the possible cyber-attacks targeting 4 layers of IIoT that is one of the key pillars of Industry 4.0. Based on a detailed review of existing literature, in this study, we have identified possible cyber threats, their consequences, and countermeasures. Further, we have provided a comprehensive framework based on an analysis of cybersecurity and privacy challenges. The suggested framework provides for a deeper understanding of the current state of cybersecurity and sets out directions for future research and applications.


Cite This Article

N. Jhanjhi, M. Humayun and S. N. Almuayqil, "Cyber security and privacy issues in industrial internet of things," Computer Systems Science and Engineering, vol. 37, no.3, pp. 361–380, 2021.


cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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