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Performance Analysis of AODV Routing for Wireless Sensor Network in FPGA Hardware

Namit Gupta1,*, Kunwar Singh Vaisla2, Arpit Jain3, Adesh Kumar4, Rajeev Kumar3

1 Department of Computer Science & Engineering, Uttarakhand Technical University, Dehradun, 248007, India
2 Department of Computer Science, B T Kumaon Institute of Technology Dwarahat, India
3 Faculty of Engineering & CS, Teerthanker Mahaveer University, Moradabad, India
4 Department of Electrical & Electronics Engineering, School of Engineering, University of Petroleum and Energy Studies, Dehradun, 248007, India

* Corresponding Author: Namit Gupta. Email: email

(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Emerging Trends in Intelligent Communication and Wireless Technologies)

Computer Systems Science and Engineering 2022, 40(3), 1073-1084.


Wireless sensor network (WSN) is a group of interconnected sensor nodes that work wirelessly to capture the information of surroundings. The routing of the network is a challenging task. The routing of WSN is classified as proactive, reactive, and hybrid. Adhoc on-demand distance vector (AODV) routing is an example of reactive routing based on the demand route formations among different nodes in the network. The research article emphasizes the design and simulation of the AODV routing hardware chip using very-high-speed integrated circuit hardware description language (VHDL) programming in Xilinx integrated synthesis environment (ISE) 14.7 software. The performance of the chip is studied based on the field-programmable gate array (FPGA) hardware parameters such as slices, lookup table (LUTs), input/output block (IOB), flip-flops, and memory for the different configurations of the network (N = 10, 20 ….100). The delay and frequency are also estimated on the Virtex-5 FPGA. The performance of the WSN with AODV routing is also analyzed based on the packet delivery ratio, throughput, delay, and control overhead. The simulation test cases verified the 8-bit, 64-bit, and 128-bit data communication within the nodes.


Cite This Article

N. Gupta, K. Singh Vaisla, A. Jain, A. Kumar and R. Kumar, "Performance analysis of aodv routing for wireless sensor network in fpga hardware," Computer Systems Science and Engineering, vol. 40, no.3, pp. 1073–1084, 2022.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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