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Pattern Analysis and Regressive Linear Measure for Botnet Detection

B. Padmavathi1,2,*, B. Muthukumar3

1 Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Sathyabama Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, India
2 Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Easwari Engineering College, Chennai, India
3 Department of Computer Science and Engineering, United Institute of Technology, Coimbatore, India

* Corresponding Author: B. Padmavathi. Email:

Computer Systems Science and Engineering 2022, 43(1), 119-139.


Capturing the distributed platform with remotely controlled compromised machines using botnet is extensively analyzed by various researchers. However, certain limitations need to be addressed efficiently. The provisioning of detection mechanism with learning approaches provides a better solution more broadly by saluting multi-objective constraints. The bots’ patterns or features over the network have to be analyzed in both linear and non-linear manner. The linear and non-linear features are composed of high-level and low-level features. The collected features are maintained over the Bag of Features (BoF) where the most influencing features are collected and provided into the classifier model. Here, the linearity and non-linearity of the threat are evaluated with Support Vector Machine (SVM). Next, with the collected BoF, the redundant features are eliminated as it triggers overhead towards the predictor model. Finally, a novel Incoming data Redundancy Elimination-based learning model (RedE-L) is built to classify the network features to provide robustness towards BotNets detection. The simulation is carried out in MATLAB environment, and the evaluation of proposed RedE-L model is performed with various online accessible network traffic dataset (benchmark dataset). The proposed model intends to show better trade-off compared to the existing approaches like conventional SVM, C4.5, RepTree and so on. Here, various metrics like Accuracy, detection rate, Mathews Correlation Coefficient (MCC), and some other statistical analysis are performed to show the proposed RedE-L model's reliability. The F1-measure is 99.98%, precision is 99.93%, Accuracy is 99.84%, TPR is 99.92%, TNR is 99.94%, FNR is 0.06 and FPR is 0.06 respectively.


Cite This Article

B. Padmavathi and B. Muthukumar, "Pattern analysis and regressive linear measure for botnet detection," Computer Systems Science and Engineering, vol. 43, no.1, pp. 119–139, 2022.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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