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Cyber Secure Framework for Smart Containers Based on Novel Hybrid DTLS Protocol

Waseem Ullah Khan*, Safdar Nawaz Khan Marwat, Salman Ahmed

Department of Computer Systems Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Peshawar, 25120, Pakistan

* Corresponding Author: Waseem Ullah Khan. Email: email

Computer Systems Science and Engineering 2022, 43(3), 1297-1313.


The Internet of Things (IoTs) is apace growing, billions of IoT devices are connected to the Internet which communicate and exchange data among each other. Applications of IoT can be found in many fields of engineering and sciences such as healthcare, traffic, agriculture, oil and gas industries, and logistics. In logistics, the products which are to be transported may be sensitive and perishable, and require controlled environment. Most of the commercially available logistic containers are not integrated with IoT devices to provide controlled environment parameters inside the container and to transmit data to a remote server. This necessitates the need for designing and fabricating IoT based smart containers. Due to constrained nature of IoT devices, these are prone to different cyber security attacks such as Denial of Service (DoS), Man in Middle (MITM) and Replay. Therefore, designing efficient cyber security framework are required for smart container. The Datagram Transport Layer Security (DTLS) Protocol has emerged as the de facto standard for securing communication in IoT devices. However, it is unable to minimize cyber security attacks such as Denial of Service and Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) during the handshake process. The main contribution of this paper is to design a cyber secure framework by implementing novel hybrid DTLS protocol in smart container which can efficiently minimize the effects of cyber attacks during handshake process. The performance of our proposed framework is evaluated in terms of energy efficiency, handshake time, throughput and packet delivery ratio. Moreover, the proposed framework is tested in IoT based smart containers. The proposed framework decreases handshake time more than 9% and saves 11% of energy efficiency for transmission in compare of the standard DTLS, while increases packet delivery ratio and throughput by 83% and 87% respectively.


Cite This Article

W. Ullah Khan, S. Nawaz Khan Marwat and S. Ahmed, "Cyber secure framework for smart containers based on novel hybrid dtls protocol," Computer Systems Science and Engineering, vol. 43, no.3, pp. 1297–1313, 2022.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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