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IoT-Driven Optimal Lightweight RetinaNet-Based Object Detection for Visually Impaired People

Mesfer Alduhayyem1,*, Mrim M. Alnfiai2,3, Nabil Almalki4, Fahd N. Al-Wesabi5, Anwer Mustafa Hilal6, Manar Ahmed Hamza6

1 Department of Computer Science, College of Sciences and Humanities-Aflaj, Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia
2 King Salman Center for Disability Research, Riyadh, Al-Hayāṯim 16273, Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Information Technology, College of Computers and Information Technology, Taif University, P.O. Box 11099, Taif, 21944, Saudi Arabia
4 Department of Special Education, College of Education, King Saud University, Riyadh, 12372, Saudi Arabia
5 Department of Computer Science, College of Science & Arts, King Khaled University, Ar-Riyad 12372, Saudi Arabia
6 Department of Computer and Self Development, Preparatory Year Deanship, Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University, AlKharj, Saudi Arabia

* Corresponding Author: Mesfer Alduhayyem. Email: email

Computer Systems Science and Engineering 2023, 46(1), 475-489.


Visual impairment is one of the major problems among people of all age groups across the globe. Visually Impaired Persons (VIPs) require help from others to carry out their day-to-day tasks. Since they experience several problems in their daily lives, technical intervention can help them resolve the challenges. In this background, an automatic object detection tool is the need of the hour to empower VIPs with safe navigation. The recent advances in the Internet of Things (IoT) and Deep Learning (DL) techniques make it possible. The current study proposes IoT-assisted Transient Search Optimization with a Lightweight RetinaNet-based object detection (TSOLWR-ODVIP) model to help VIPs. The primary aim of the presented TSOLWR-ODVIP technique is to identify different objects surrounding VIPs and to convey the information via audio message to them. For data acquisition, IoT devices are used in this study. Then, the Lightweight RetinaNet (LWR) model is applied to detect objects accurately. Next, the TSO algorithm is employed for fine-tuning the hyperparameters involved in the LWR model. Finally, the Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) model is exploited for classifying objects. The performance of the proposed TSOLWR-ODVIP technique was evaluated using a set of objects, and the results were examined under distinct aspects. The comparison study outcomes confirmed that the TSOLWR-ODVIP model could effectually detect and classify the objects, enhancing the quality of life of VIPs.


Cite This Article

APA Style
Alduhayyem, M., Alnfiai, M.M., Almalki, N., Al-Wesabi, F.N., Hilal, A.M. et al. (2023). Iot-driven optimal lightweight retinanet-based object detection for visually impaired people. Computer Systems Science and Engineering, 46(1), 475-489.
Vancouver Style
Alduhayyem M, Alnfiai MM, Almalki N, Al-Wesabi FN, Hilal AM, Hamza MA. Iot-driven optimal lightweight retinanet-based object detection for visually impaired people. Comput Syst Sci Eng. 2023;46(1):475-489
IEEE Style
M. Alduhayyem, M.M. Alnfiai, N. Almalki, F.N. Al-Wesabi, A.M. Hilal, and M.A. Hamza "IoT-Driven Optimal Lightweight RetinaNet-Based Object Detection for Visually Impaired People," Comput. Syst. Sci. Eng., vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 475-489. 2023.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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