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An Efficient Text Recognition System from Complex Color Image for Helping the Visually Impaired Persons

Ahmed Ben Atitallah1,*, Mohamed Amin Ben Atitallah2,3, Yahia Said4,5, Mohammed Albekairi1, Anis Boudabous6, Turki M. Alanazi1, Khaled Kaaniche1, Mohamed Atri7

1 Department of Electrical Engineering, College of Engineering, Jouf University, Sakaka, Saudi Arabia
2 Laboratory of Informatics, Gaspard-Monge, A3SI, ESIEE Paris, CNRS, Gustave Eiffel University, France
3 LETI, ENIS, University of Sfax, Sfax, Tunisia
4 Remote Sensing Unit, College of Engineering, Northern Border University, Arar, Saudi Arabia
5 Laboratory of Electronics and Microelectronics (LR99ES30), University of Monastir, Tunisia
6 Department of Computer Engineering and Networks, College of Computer and Information Sciences, Jouf University, Sakaka, Saudi Arabia
7 College of Computer Sciences, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia

* Corresponding Author: Ahmed Ben Atitallah. Email:

Computer Systems Science and Engineering 2023, 46(1), 701-717.


The challenge faced by the visually impaired persons in their day-to-day lives is to interpret text from documents. In this context, to help these people, the objective of this work is to develop an efficient text recognition system that allows the isolation, the extraction, and the recognition of text in the case of documents having a textured background, a degraded aspect of colors, and of poor quality, and to synthesize it into speech. This system basically consists of three algorithms: a text localization and detection algorithm based on mathematical morphology method (MMM); a text extraction algorithm based on the gamma correction method (GCM); and an optical character recognition (OCR) algorithm for text recognition. A detailed complexity study of the different blocks of this text recognition system has been realized. Following this study, an acceleration of the GCM algorithm (AGCM) is proposed. The AGCM algorithm has reduced the complexity in the text recognition system by 70% and kept the same quality of text recognition as that of the original method. To assist visually impaired persons, a graphical interface of the entire text recognition chain has been developed, allowing the capture of images from a camera, rapid and intuitive visualization of the recognized text from this image, and text-to-speech synthesis. Our text recognition system provides an improvement of 6.8% for the recognition rate and 7.6% for the F-measure relative to GCM and AGCM algorithms.


Cite This Article

A. B. Atitallah, M. A. B. Atitallah, Y. Said, M. Albekairi, A. Boudabous et al., "An efficient text recognition system from complex color image for helping the visually impaired persons," Computer Systems Science and Engineering, vol. 46, no.1, pp. 701–717, 2023.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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