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An Advanced Approach for Improving the Prediction Accuracy of Natural Gas Price

Quanjia Zuo1, Fanyi Meng1,*, Yang Bai2

1 School of Economics and Management, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing, China
2 School of Business, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing, China

* Corresponding Author: Fanyi Meng. Email: email

Energy Engineering 2021, 118(2), 303-322. https://doi.org/10.32604/EE.2021.013239

Abstract

As one of the most important commodity futures, the price forecasting of natural gas futures is of great significance for hedging and risk aversion. This paper mainly focuses on natural gas futures pricing which considers seasonality fluctuations. In order to study this issue, we propose a modified approach called six-factor model, in which the influence of seasonal fluctuations are eliminated in every random factor. Using Monte Carlo method, we first assess and comparative analyze the fitting ability of three-factor model and six-factor model for the out of sample data. It is found that six-factor model has better performance than three-factor model and natural gas futures prices is strongly influenced by winter effect. We then apply the proposed model to predict the price of natural gas futures in the year 2019. It is found that natural gas prices have a weak upward trend in the coming year and are relatively volatile in winter.

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APA Style
Zuo, Q., Meng, F., Bai, Y. (2021). An advanced approach for improving the prediction accuracy of natural gas price. Energy Engineering, 118(2), 303-322. https://doi.org/10.32604/EE.2021.013239
Vancouver Style
Zuo Q, Meng F, Bai Y. An advanced approach for improving the prediction accuracy of natural gas price. Energ Eng. 2021;118(2):303-322 https://doi.org/10.32604/EE.2021.013239
IEEE Style
Q. Zuo, F. Meng, and Y. Bai "An Advanced Approach for Improving the Prediction Accuracy of Natural Gas Price," Energ. Eng., vol. 118, no. 2, pp. 303-322. 2021. https://doi.org/10.32604/EE.2021.013239



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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